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Full text of "Middlebury Campus 1974-01-24 : Volume LXIX, Issue 10"

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professors differ 
on winter term 

By BARBARA KRITCHEVSKY subjects. He said that he is “not totally 

Middlebury students and faculty are down on it.” 

now well into this year’s Winter Term. 
Not all professors, however, are entirely 
pleased with Winter Term, or the way it is 
received by the students. Professors are 
also not in agreement about the value of 
reading courses and internships. 

The views of seven randomly chosen 
Middlebury professors, on the subject of 
Winter Term ranged from skeptical to 
enthusiastic. Most liked the basic idea 
behind Winter Term, and felt it offered 
opportunities which would not otherwise 
be available. But not all were sure that 
these opportunities are being utilized to 
their fullest extent. Several were also 
concerned about the apparent lack of. 
student effort, and the minimal 
requirements of some courses. 

Philip Carruth (Mathematics) said he 
did not feel that the structure of Winter 
Term is appropriate for the teaching of 
mathematics. The Math department 
does, nonetheless, “come up with 
something every winter.” 

Mr. Carruth said that as far as the 
teaching of mathematics is concerned, he 
would prefer that Winter Term not be 
continued. He did state, however, that 
perhaps it should be continued for other 

In the opinion of Peter Coney 
(Geology), Winter Term is not always 
used wisely, and he views it with mixed 
feelings. He suspects that many people do 
not really study seriously over Winter 
Term, and wonders “if the College can 
afford this.” 

On the other hand, Mr. Coney said that 
Winter Term has provided many students 
with the opportunity to get practical 
experience and to do research that would 
not be possible during the regular term. 
Speaking of how Winter Term affects the 
Geology department, he stated, “I think 
it’s been fruitful.” 

Mr. Coney said that Winter Term also 
provides a valuable opportunity for the 
faculty, as they can do research and can' 
publish during the Winter Terms they are 
not teaching. 

Judith Gibbons (Psychology) said that 
Winter Term is basically a “great idea.” 
but that she is not pleased with how it is 
working. She remarked that many 
students show a lack of enthusiasm and 
willingness to work. “Students think the 

continued on p. 5 

E.Q. Transportation Symposium 

Vermont highway 
system panned 

By NANCY PRICE and cons of various modes of private and 

Despite messy winter roads, all five mass transportation, particularly as 
members of the panel for the EQ tran- these modes have affected and will affect 
sportation symposium, “You Can’t Get Vermont. Tom Plumb, chairman of the 
There From Here: Transportation in the symposium, introduced each member of 
70’s,” did manage to assemble in Proctor the panel, who then talked briefly on his 

Tuesday night, January 15. A full stand on the transportation issue. Later, 

audience of students and concerned each member had an opportunity to 
residents of Addison.County attended the rebutt the others’ arguments, before the 
event. The panel presented an interesting, entire panel was opened up to field 

if somewhat confusing, debate on the pros questions from the audience. 

The first speaker was Vermont High- 



entered as second-class matter in middlebury, Vermont 05753 

way Commissioner John Gray. He 
presented the thesis that the state should 
aim to “deliver a transportation system 
which is predominantly highway orien¬ 

In support of his contention, Gray 
stated that despite the fact that the 
western corridor of Vermont contains the 
major population and tax resources of the 

continued on p 20 

students, trustees argue frat issue 


The Trustees’ Undergraduate Life 
Committee met with students and 
members of the College councils and 
committees in Monroe Faculty lounge 
last Friday afternoon, January 18. This 
unusual open meeting of students and 
trustees was held in response to a plea by 
the Student Forum that the Trustees 
move their regular meeting from New 
York to the Middlebury campus, in hopes 
of fostering communication between the 
two groups concerned. 

Dean O’Brien and the Community 
Council had decided on the format and 
agenda of the meeting a week before. 
They allotted the question of College 
owenership of the fraternities an hour and 
fifteen minutes of the two hour meeting, 
secondary priority to matters of 
curriculum and the Report of the Special 
Committee on the College, and whatever 
time remained to what Dean O’Brien 
termed, “the larger issue of com¬ 

Dean O’Brien opened the meeting ten 
minutes late, for at 3:00 fewer than 1/2 the 
Trustees had arrived, and several 
Community Council members were still 
absent, although the lounge was filled 
nearly to capacity. O’Brien announced 
certain ground rules before debate 
began: he would not participate in the 
discussion, but rather would 
merely moderate, directing questions 
from the students to the Trustees and 
attempting to keep the discussion along 
the prearranged lines. 

The Trustees formed a panel which the 
students could question directly, subject 
to O’Brien’s moderation. Before the 

discussion, Curt Viebranz ’75 and Larry 
Novins ’74 read prepared statements 
defending the fraternities’ positioh on 
College ownership. 

Viebranz stated that he was “grateful 
for this chance for meaningful dialogue”. 
He declared his objection to the 
authorization the Trustees gave the 
Administration to negotiate the transfer 
of the fraternity property to the school. 

According to Viebranz the fraternity 
members were never consulted, and 
neither were the faculty, students at large 
nor the alumni. The matter was never a 

proposal, but rather a manifesto, and 
Viebranz quoted from statements made 
by Dean O’Brien and President Arm¬ 
strong to prove that the decision was 
already made, well before the College 
community was consulted. 

Viebranz asked a rhetorical question of 
the entire assembly, “Who is going to 
decide? Will it be the Administration 
alone?” His own feeling was that the 
Trustees should make the decision 
themselves. Referring to a resolution in 
the appendix to the 1967 Report of the Ad 
Hoc Committee on Student Life, Viebranz 

Undergraduate Life Committee members, clockwise from upper left: 
Willard Jackson, Jon Groetzinger, Charlotte Hickcox, and Arnold LaForce. 

concluded by demanding that students 
receive a full opportunity for discussion. 

Novins’s statement concentrated on the 
questionnaire formulated and sent to 
every student by the Fraternity Fact 
Finding Commission. Novins pointed out 
that the 70% response to the questioi 
naires indicates the importance of the frat 
issue to the students. 

Novins read the questionnaire and the 
students’ responses, and interpreted the 
results for the audience. Students, said 
Novins, feel that any outside control of the 
frats would weaken their chances for 
survival, destroy their autonomy and 
increase conflict between their members 
and the Administration. As control in¬ 
creases, the students seem to feel, so do 
ttyese negative effects.. 

The questionnaire makes clear that an 
overwhelming majority of students feel a 
need to escape from the College’s per 
vasive influence on thei r lives and seek 
alternatives to dorm life, dining-hall 
meals, and campus social activities. 

Most of the people who responded to the 
Fact Finder’s inquiry consider that the 
frats do contribute to Middlebury’s social 
and emotional environment, but not to its 
intellectual environment. Novins an¬ 
swered the criticism that within the 
present framework the fraternities are 
unaccountable for their actions by citing 
Campus Security. They consider 
fraternity actions individual actions, and 
see no problems with discipline. 

Standards for maintenance exist, said 
Novins; the College need only enforce 
them. If health and appearance standards 
have been abused in the past, both the 

continued on p 4 

photo by nichola s andro s 

the m 

page 2__ 

new tavern 
to open 

planned parenthood 
moves to court street 


The social appetite of the Middlebury 
community, starved by a lack of local 
entertainment facilities, may be somwhat 
appeased by the early spring opening of 
the Green Mountain Restaurant and 
v ern, on the corner of Main and Mill 
tieets. Now under construction, present 
dans call for a separate restaurant and 
>ai of such quality as should attract both 
.•lege students and year-round 
e. idents. Manager Louis Magill plans to 
^ IT; ike it a place where, “everybody can go 
and. hopefully, have a good time.” 

Mr. Magill and his business partner, 
Noble Smith, saw a great demand for a 
restaurant in the town. They were for¬ 
tunate in discovering an available 
building within the small area of Mid¬ 
dlebury zoned for commercial use. The 
brick building formerly housed Ruby’s 
Variety Store. Magill projects a con¬ 
struction time of eight to ten weeks, and 
plans to announce a more definite date in 
a couple of months. 

Asked about the atmosphere he hopes to 
create, the manager favors “simple but 
nice: quality at a price people want to 
pay.” The brick of two of the walls will be 
exposed on the interior. However, a fire 
which swept the interior twenty years ago 
damaged the rear brick wall to such an 
extent that it would not be attractive. 
Food will be served buffet style and 
uniformed waitresses will handle the 
beverage trade from 11:30 until 8 p.m. 

Magill explains that after normal meal 
hours tips for the girls would be scarce, 
“its a natural phenomena that college 
kids don’t tip,” he says, conceding, “I 
didn’t when 1 was in college. They just 
don’t have the money to spend.” He plans 
instead to hire young men to wait on 
tables from 8 until 1 a.m. when they will 

close for the evening. 

Copartners Magill and Smith will soon 
apply for their liquor and entertainment 
licenses. The floor space is too limited to 
allow for big bands or a dance floor, 
however some live performances by 
soloists or small groups may be featured 
on special occasions. A juke box will be 
provided by the manager feels it best to 
break up the monotony once ih a while. 
Depending upon how well the live music is 
received it may be performed as often as 
two nights a week. 

Manager Magill, an ex-goalie for 
Denver University and avid hockey fan, 
says “I plan to be down there most of the 
time, and I have to have my hockey 
games there with me.” Hence, the tavern 
will be equipped with a color television set 
on which, he warfts, “Hockey takes 
precedence over basketball.” The crowd 
pleaser will be a ten ounce, forty cent 

The restaurant will be open everyday. 

Magill doesn’t want ‘‘buffet—style” 
confused with “cafeteria”. He states 
emphatically that, “the method is the 
same, but not the quality. This is not to be 
a ‘cattle run’. There’s an aesthetic dif¬ 
ference.” The menu will be limited, in¬ 
cluding a hot roast beef sandwich, open 
hot turkey sandwich, Sheperd’s pie, and a 
beef chili that is “guaranteed the best 
around,” according to Magill. 

The beef chili will be a specialty of the 
house. The Green Mountain Restaurant 
paid for the use of an exclusive recipe, the 
one which, in fact, won The Great Chili 
Confrontation (By H. Allen Smith, Trident 
Press: New York, 1969). Magill claims 
also to have the secret for a superb 
Sangria, disclosed only to a favored few. 
The food will be “medium priced.” 

Contrary to rumor, the Middlebury 
Chapter of Planned Parenthood is not 
dead. They have just moved to a new 
location. The office is now in the Women’s 
Center at 35 Court Street, right above the 
Chamber of Commerce. Volunteers are 
available there to provide general in¬ 
formation and counselling, as well as 
problem pregnancy counselling. 

Planned Parenthood would like to act as 
an information center for the community, 
so that people may become more aware 
of the wide range of possiblities available 
to them. The office is open to any curious 
people who would like to come by and 
browse. They have a great deal of in¬ 
teresting material to look at, borrow, or 

Planned Parenthood also can sell non¬ 
prescription contraceptive devices in the 
office, and administer pregnancy tests. 
For general information please call the 
office at 388-6779. Office hours are from 9 
a.m. to 3 p.m. Monday through Friday. 

However, these hours are subject to 

Aside from daily office hours, Planned 
Parenthood conducts clinics twice a 
month. They are held at the Porter 
Medical Center. The doctors there are 
equipped to give complete pelvic 
examinations, which include Pap tests 
(for cancer) and tests for gonorrhea. 

The doctors can prescribe the Pill, 
insert intrauterine devices (IUD’s), and 
fit diaphragms. The clinics are open to all 
women. For appointments call 388-6779 or 

Planned Parenthood has volunteers 
who are willing to speak to community 
education groups. They can also show 
films and legd discussions. 

Planned Parenthood has just started a 
Hotline for anyone who needs counselling 
or general information at any time. The 
Hotline numbers are 388-6779 or 388-6087. 
Please feel free to call, and if you can’t 
reach them, keep trying. 

college-professional school plan delayed 


The Faculty met on Monday afternoon, 
January 14 in the Munroe Faculty 
Lounge. In the absence of President 
Armstrong, who was still in Japan, and 
Vice-president Cubeta, who is in Paris, 
Dean O’Brien presided over the meeting. 
Matters considered and voted upon in¬ 

cluded recommendations from the Ad¬ 
ministration and Athletic Committees, a 
list of candidates for B.A. degrees for 
March 1, and a proposal from the 
Educational Council. 

The recommendation from the Ad¬ 
ministration Committee concerned the 
question of credit for winter term courses 

towards ’ completion of a minimum 
number of course requirements in a 
major. The Committee recommended to 
the Faculty that departments be allowed 
to accept a Winter Term course as a 
credit towards fulfillment of a student’s 
major without having to consult with the 
Dean’s office. Departments would have 
only to notify the Registrar in writing of 
the decision. The Faculty voted to refer 
the matter back to the committee for 

David Price (English), representing 
the Educational Council, brought the 
faculty a proposal concerning the ex¬ 
tension of the Combined Plans Program. 
The proposal had been submitted to the 
Council by Dean Moyers, chairman of the 
Preprofessional Committee. 

The Preprofessional Committee’s 
proposal consisted of a plan whereby 
Middlebury students interested in law or 
business could enter selected law or 
business schools upon completion of three 
years of study at Middlebury. Under such 
a program, students could become 
eligible for a Middlebury B.A. degree if 
they successfully finished their first year 
of graduate school. 

Some faculty questioned the proposal 
because they felt that it would allow any 
student, regardless of his or her grades, to 
leave Middlebury after three years. As a 
result, students who might otherwise be 
unqualified would be able to attend 
graduate school through the proposed 
special program. 

It was pointed out, however, that only 

asked to participate in the program. The 
rigid requirements of these schools, in 
addition to those of the Preprofessional 
Committee, would insure that only a few, 
very qualified students would be admitted 
into the program. 

Professor Waters (Economics) 
suggested that the vote on the proposal be 
delayed until March, so that more con¬ 
crete information could be learned about 
what law and business schools were to be 
involved in the program, He felt that the 
faculty should have more time to think 
about the merits of such a program. As a 
result, the Faculty narrowly passed a 
motion to postpone the vote on the 
proposal until March. 

The Faculty also voted to accept the list 
of candidates for B.A. degrees for March 
1. They also adopted a recommendation 
of the Athletic Policy Committee that 
"the Intercollegiate Golf Schedule be 
divided into fall and spring seasons with a 
total of 10 contests plus traditional 
championships, with no more than six 
contests away from home.” 

There was little discussion on the 
subject of the Report of the Special 
Committee on the College. Professor Hill 
(English) stated that the Committee had 
no inclination to continue working on the 
curricular portion of the report when so 
many of the faculty had voted against it at 
the previous faculty meeting. 

He reported that the Committee hopes 
to draw up a legislative document con¬ 
cerning college governance before the 
March meeting. 


Charles lennon 
susan hong 

nat forbes 

greg dennis 
tom ryan 
ross eisenbrey 

nlcholas andros 

jill Sutherland 
donna neal 

rick votta 
el ten heising 
all Ison brown 

richard hackett 
meryl siegman 

mary jane tuohy 
dina tecimer 

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— I 3IX/3 I ? 

page 3 

edey on environmental legislation 


Marion Edey, Chairperson of the 
League of Conservation Voters, 
responded to questions by students and 
faculty about the League, the energy 
crisis, and various other environmental 
topics, on January 17. 

Edey explained that she is not. really a 
lobbyist. She is a member of a non¬ 
partisan campaign committee consisting 
of the leaders of several environmental 
organizations, such as the Sierra Club and 
Friends of the Earth. She feels that the 
only time to change Congressional 
policies is election time, when people 
have the power to decide who will make 
the policies. 

An example of the League’s work is the 
recent defeat of Representative Wayne 
Aspinall. Aspinall was chairman of the 
House Interior Committee, a very crucial 
committee in environmental politics. 

The League decided that Aspinall was 
working against environmentally 
beneficial policies. Therefore, they 
raised money and supported his 
challenger during the last election. 

Professor Dickson (Political Science) 
asked whether such actions of the League 
would be possible in a state like Vermont, 
as the legislature is considering a bill to 
outlaw out-of-state aid in elections. Edey 
said that,'nationally, this would be bad for 
conservationists. This kind of bill would 
make it harder for challengers to raise 
the money for a successful campaign. 

Since contributions to the League are 
not tax-deductible, “there are scarce 
resources.” said Edey. The League 
concentrates on only a few targets at a 
time, with one of the major criteria being 
the probability of winning the campaign. 
“We can’t afford to get into any more.” 

The League also prints a record of how 
each member of Congress votes on key 
environmental questions. Senator Aiken 
has a record of 31 “right’’ votes; Senator 
Stafford, 59; and Congressman Mallory, 

The League keeps a record of floor 
votes, the preliminary votes before a bill 
goes into a committee, when “they don’t 
know which side will win.” When an 
environmental bill comes out of com¬ 
mittee, it is passed almost unanimously. 
Edey claimed that this is because the 
Congressmen can then tell their con¬ 
stituency that they voted in favor of en¬ 
vironmental action. 

This record is also a leverage tool for 
the League. Edey claims, “they know 
that they’re going to see their votes on a 
chart. We don’t have to tell them 

The League is currently trying to 
compile a record of votes in the com¬ 
mittees because “90% of what happens is 
in the committees.” The committee 
members, however, are very secretive. 

The energy crisis was an obvious topic 
for questions. In response to the question 
of whether or not the energy crisis had 

“panicked Congress into stampeding for 
the Alaska pipeline,” Edey said, “It 
might well have gone through anyway. 
Congress must have thought it was a 
marvelous excuse to get it through.” 

Curt Viebranz (’75) asked whether the 
public or the government should be 
responsible for environmental problems. 
Edev said the government should be 
responsible. “There are lots of things that 
can be done, like incentives to research 
‘clean’sources of energy. However, they 
(Congressmen) are hooked in to oil 
companies, and are not hooked in to 
looking for alternatives.’’ 

Concerning nuclear energy, Edey said 
that some research was being funded for 
nuclear fusion, which is more en¬ 
vironmentally promising than fission and 
the breeder reactor. 

However, Nixon is pushing the breeder 
reactor, which is fueled by extremely 
toxic plutonium. His “wildly optimistic 
estimate” for when the breeder will be 
operational is 1985. Said Edey, “Noway.” 

Fortunately for conservationists, this 
technology will not be available for a long 
while, and they will have more time to 
fight it. Edey said that the best way to do 
this is to lobby in favor of solar and 
geothermal energy. "Otherwise, en¬ 
vironmentalists run the risk of being 
, called too negative.” 

There were several questions con¬ 
cerning possible Presidential candidates 
for 1976. Edey said that Senator 

Jackson’s conservationism is mostly 
involved with wildlife. She feels that 
Jackson is too close to the oil industry, 
though “He’s better than Nixon, 

Senator Kennedy has a better voting 
record on environmental issues, but 
according to Edey, he is not as 
knowledgeable nor as involved as 

Vice President Gerald Ford has a 
“poor” voting record, according to Edey. 
“The environmentalists in his home town 
hate him.” 

An environmentally important bill 
written by Senators Buckley and Prox- 
mire, concerning the Army Corps of 
Engineers, is in the Senate now. The bill, 
which would change the discount rate 
from 5% to 8% would result in the 
discontinuation of half of the Corps’ “pork 
barrel” water projects. Edey suggested 
writing Aiken and Stafford and asking 
them to vote in favor of the bill. 

Edey believes that this bill will pass, 
although the water projects have long 
been a means for Senators and 
Representatives to bring money into their 
districts. The bill .is being supported by 
President Nixon, not because of any 
environmental concern, but because, “he 
doesn’t want to spend the money,” said 

SDS to hold anti-racist conference 

Since the mid-sixties, following the 
ghetto rebellions, national attention has 
been focused on various racist theories 
f concerning social disorder. Arthur 
Jensen, Edward Banfield, William 
Shockley, Daniel Moynihan, Hans 
Eysenck in England, Carl Bereiter of 
Canada have been the main proponents of 
these ideas. Basically, there are two 
schools of thought: stressing the cultural 
inferiority of the working class, par¬ 
ticularly non-whites, and claiming 
genetic inferiority. Recent examples of 
the popularization of these theories are 
the articles that appeared in the latest 
issues of “Psychology Today” (Dec. 
1973), “Newsweek” (Dec. 1973), and 
“Time” (Dec. 1973), whch defended these 
racists and their ideas. 

The government and the rich have 
guaranteed widespread knowledge of 
these theories byinsuringtheir publication 
in many scientific and popular 
magazines. They have simultaneously 
denied this opportunity to those who 
oppose these ideas. Although only a 
handful of men have pushed these views 
publically, they have penetrated every 
major text used in psychology and the 
social sciences and are promulgated in 
colleges throughout the U.S. and Canada. 
However, it is important to note that 
leading geneticists and other scientists, 
(like, Richard Lewontin at Harvard, the 
American Anthropological Association 
and the Eastern Psychological 
Association) are involved in exposing 
these pseudo-scientists. 

Historically, big business has always 
built racism. Racism is used as a means 
of protecting their economic and political 
interests by dividing workers and super- 

exploiting a section of the poulation. In 
Germany, the Nazi’s used Jewish workers 
and students as a scapegoat for the 
failures of the system. These same ideas 
which the Nazis applied were also used in 
the U.S. during the 1920’s to justify the 
Palmer raids which imprisoned and 
deported thousands of immigrant 
workers who were leading the fight 
against the ruling class. 

Racist oppression continues today 
through the Talmadge Ammendment. 
This ammendment forces welfare 
recipients to work for their checks at 
slave wages, (about 90* per hour). The 
recent tuition hikes and cutbacks in 
scholarships have been justified by 
college administrations through racism. 
In both of these above instances, the 
justification is that black and latin 
workers and students are parasites of 
society and schools. This breeds racist 
hatred. Presently, the elite in the U.S. 
and Canada are finding it difficult to 
justify the general decline in workers’ 
standard of living, so these theories of 
genetic and cultural inferiority are being 
used to deflect anger from themselves 

and onto black and latin workers. 

The response to these racists has been 
tremendous. Students for a Democratc 
Society and dozens of other groups, such 
as the Committee Against Racism and 
various Student Governments, have co¬ 
sponsored anti-racist teach-ins all over 
the country which have involved 
thousands of students and faculty. At 
Harvard and Staten island Community 
College, SDS and other anti-racist 
students prevented William Shockley, the 
dangerous quack scientist who praises the 
Nazi’s eugenics program and advocates 
white supremacy, from spreading these 
racist lies. At Princeton, 1,000 black and 
while students demonstrated against 
Shockley when he spoke there. 

Racist oppression affects not only 
minorities, but all students and workers. 
As students we have two choices. We can 
either accept these theories and ally with 
the rich, or ally with workers and 
organize against them. We urge students 
to join with faculty, campus workers, and 
people in the community to defeat both 
racist ideas and practices. Teach-ins have 
been successful and should be organized 

at your school. Fights against racist 
textbooks are starting in classrooms 
around the country, and they can and 
should be launched al your School, too. 
The key focus of this fight is to build a 
worker-sfudent alliance and through this 
obliterate racism Campus workers and 
community groups are constantly 
lighting racist attacks and we should join 
with them. Their fight is our fight, too. 

Soon, SDS will be holding anti-racist 
regional conferences in the East. Mid- 
West and the West to discuss how we can 
further the fight against racism. Get in 
touch with us for literature or help 

We urge all to come to the SDS regional 
conferences and join SDS to further the 
fight against racism. SDS is in contact 
with anti-racist professors and doctors 
around the country who are willing to 
speak at teach-ins. If you want to have a 
teach-in and you need help, get in touch 
with us. 

SDS East. Coast Conference 
March 30-31 

Boston University Sherman Union 

Conference Auditorium 

Call Boston: 876-2824 or353-7595 

forum ruminates on winter term 


The two major topics on the agenda of 
the Forum meeting of January 13, were 
discussion of the forthcoming trustees’ 
meeting, and the value of Winter Term. 

The problems of Winter Term, as it now 
stands have been extensively studied be 
the Curriculum Working Group. Rick 
Eldridge presented the group’s con¬ 
clusions. He stated that while most 
students support the “rest and 
relaxation,” offered by Winter Term, the 
consensus of the Working Group was 
against it. 

The alternative to the present system 
that has apparently met with the most 
favor within the Working Group is that of 
an “interdisciplinary semester,” in which 

suggestion unenthusiastically. 

Other alternatves discussed in the 
Forum were the idea of reading the ‘great 
books’, and giving credit for outdoors 
experience. Neither received much 
support. The trend was toward a different 
structure, and an equalization of class 
hours and workload. 

Several members, however, felt that 
the program was essentially good and 
that uniformity in courses was not the 
answer. One Forum member said that 
what a student gets out of Winter Term 
depends on his individual motivation and 
how much he puts into it. Most agreed 
that the maintenance of academic 
standards is necessary. 

The Forum also discussed the proposed 

methods for the selection of trustees, and 
corporate responsibility. A motion was 
passed to recommend to the Community 
Council that Dean O’Brien be replaced by 
Dean Carey as chairperson of the 

Chairman Andy Reding announced that 
Frances Fitzgerald, Pulitzer PFize- 
winning author of the bestseller, “Fire in 
the Lake”, would be the Commencement 
speaker for 1974. - . 

He also introduced Susan Whipple as 
Susan Hong’s replacement as chairperson 
of the English Advisory Council, and that 
Jeff Wolf would replace David 
Tatgenhorst on the Student Course Guide 
Working Group. ‘ 

Larry Novins was elected to fill Bob 

fourteen to twenty courses would be of- agenda for the trustees meeting on Pender’s place on the Community Council 

fered for approximately eighty students Friday, January 18. Topics suggested for Winter Term. 

each. Each MoldKdta(UgH^'6h^ ,fi ' M 1ttdluded: I fraternit ies: educational “tto^pety^J&f&aAis 
expert and ten others with related planning, after the rejection of the Report committee will be held next week. 

disciplines. The Forum received the of the Special Committee on the College; 

page 4 


continued from p. 1 

Administration and the frats. must share 

Said Novins in conclusion, “We want a 
chance to continue, that’s all.” 

A Welcome Occasion 

Of the Trustee Undergraduate Life 
Committee members present (five were 
absent), Arnold LaForce spoke first. He 
declared his feeling that in a small college 
H like Middlebury communication is 
E * especially desirable and welcomed the 
S occasion to meet with students. 

>• LaForce outlined a history of the 
E fraternity problems, reminding the 
= audience that the fraternities had been 
? threatened with extinction in 1966 because 
e of an already marked trend toward 
| deterioration. At that time the Trustees 
voted te maintain the frats, with the 
aadentaadteg that they would dean up 

te LaForce, the fraternities 
ad hi membership, health 
mi app e arance , and in their 
Bolbility. The AdmhHstratkm 
asked far and received 
a team the Trustees to take 

Laftroe s te ea ae d that “the Trustees 
never wasted te force stn d rats to do 
apytteap”, that it was “foohsh and unwise 
te faoee students'to live a certain way”. 
He stressed that the Trustees were open 
(tended, had net issued an ultimatum, and 
emu felt a sadness at witnessing the 
passing of the frats. 

Dean O'Brien asked Trustee Charlotte 
Hickcox whether she had anything to add 
to Mr. LaForce’s statement. After in¬ 
forming the assembly that she had lived 
“legitimately” in D.U., Ms. Hickcox 
emphasized that the Trustees would make 
the final decision. 

Curt Viebranz responded that he un¬ 
derstood the “arrangements had been 
made and that the Trustees had voted and 
decided the issue.” He wanted to know the 
issue’s status now. 

The Trustees answered that the 
decision had not, “been made for time 

“Who Decides What” 

Greg Dennis, ’74, feeling there to be a 
contradiction between the Trustees’ 
words and the Administration’s actions, 
wanted to know, “who decides what-the 
Trustees, the Administration, or both of 
them together?” He said that to him, this 
issue was extremely important. 

Trustee John Kirk, who is not a member 
of the Undergrad Life Committee, ex¬ 
plained that the Trustees consult and 
decide on broad, non-day-to-day issues 
only. As they were not close to the frat 
issue, they accepted the Administration’s 
recommendation as sound and fair, 
though, said Kirk, “the situation could 
have been handled a little better.’’ 

Kirk placed the blame for the frater¬ 
nities’ doubles squarely on their mem¬ 
bers. “You don’t get away scot free. You 
did it. You started it by. . . letting your 
houses go to pot.” Kirk’s unintended pun 
drew laughter and applause from the 

He stated several times that the houses 
“won't be taken away if they’re good. 
Nobody’s going to take anything away 
from you if it’s good.” He also said that 
thefrats were “living on borrowed time" 

■ long ago, that he had “been telling you 
this for fifteen years.” , 

Nat Forbes 74 'objected to" this con- 
. tention of Kick’s and asked him which 
members of the aildienCe Kirk- had ever 
spoken toabout the frats. Forbes had Kirk 
clarify that he had never spoken to the 
present members of t he audience, but had 
stiffled his gripe for over a decade 

Forbes explained that he was very 
concerned about this lack of com¬ 
munication and wondered how the 
students could be asked to accept Trustee 
decisions in lit&t'of this. A 


“Trust Us” ■ 

Kirk responded, "Why won’t you trust 
us just for the sake of trusting.” “Have a 
little faith.” “Trust somebody.” “Why 
won’t you trust us?” 

At this point Bob Lefsetz 74 interjected 
that he couldn’t trust the Trustees 
because he found their assurances hollow 
and their attitudes paternalistic and 
condescending. Many people were visibly 
and audibly shocked by Lefsets. 

Dean O’Brien asserted that the 
discussion had digressed too far from the 
pre-arranged agenda, and asked that 
people speak only to the fraternity issue. 

A student asked the Trustees whether 
the frat members were in the position of 
appealing an already passed sentence. He 
wondered whether they, contrary to 
American tradition, were being assumed 
guilty and obligated to prove their in- 

Trustee Kenneth Nourse replied, “Yes, 
the anus is oa you.” He said that since 
e ven ts have ca used the suspension sf the 
Adsrintotratiou's authorization, the tests 
will have to prove th ems elves by mate- 

Deaa O'Brien suggested that the 
di ecura i w move away from questions of 
image and slovenliness and fw it to the 
central issue, finances. What he termed 
the “intricate complex financial 
interreJatiamhips” between the College 
and the frats ate to O'Brien the “crux of 
the matter." 

David Minot 74 i n terpreted the issue in 
terms of the College’s encroachment on 
individual freedom, and hoped the 
Trustees would be sensitive to it. 

Larry Novins wished to know which 
issue had been most important to the 
Trustees at the meeting during which 
they authorized the Administration’s 
take-over of the frats. 


Trustee Charlotte Hickcox replied, 
without hesitation, that slovenliness was 
the big question, and Kenneth Nourse said 
that frats’ condition had “caused Will 
(Jackson) and I (sic) considerable 

David Minot told the assembly that 
independent ownership and the respon¬ 
sibility associated with it “were at the 
heart of the fraternity experience.” 

Charlie O’Sullivan 74 tried to explain 
the air of defensive aggressiveness which 
characterized many of the frat members’ 
statements. He said the fraternity 
presidents all felt they had “had the rug 
pulled out from under them”, that the 
Administration had delivered an 
ultimatum. According to O’Sullivan, at a 
meeting with the presidents the deans 
admitted they would go as far as 
withholding rebates if they did not get 
their way. 

Dean O’Brien protested that the deans 
were not as ruthless as O’Sullivan made 
them seen, and merely wanted to make 
all the possibilities clear. O’Brien next 
announced that although the time allotted 
to the Frat question had been exhausted, 
he would field two more questions, 
preferably from people who had not yet 

Bill Hoyt 74 expressed his opinion that 
the recent improvement in the ap¬ 
pearance of the frat houses was not due, 
across the board, solely to the Ad¬ 
ministration's attacks. 

Dr. Armstrong was recognized and 
began by saying, “I don’t want to be a 
parent either;" a reference to several 
earlier comments on Trustee pater¬ 
nalism. He declared that the frats have 
had many years of second chances and 
have not performed adequately. 

Frats’ Time Has Come 

Moreover, said Dr. Armstrong, the 
nationwide trends and the trend at 
Middlebury were toward the death of the 
fraternities. According to the Presidents 

r the fraternities’ time has-,come, thpM nl 

noM bne nu2 bsaolJ | 

longer seem viable, though some sort of 
alternative living arrangement is clearly 

President Armstrong explained that 
wherever he goes, the frats are con¬ 
sidered part of the College. 
He did so to answer earlier contentions 
that the fraternities were really none of 
the College’s business. He concluded by 
reiterating that the frats had had 
numerous second chances. 

O’Brien recognized Charlotte Hickcox, 
who pointed out to the President that each 
second chance had been given to a dif¬ 
ferent generation of frat members, so his 
argument was not really sound. 

After Miss Hickcox finished speaking, 
Dean O'Brien declared that time had 
really run out, and a new issue, that of 
curriculum, would be discussed. 
Thereupon, more than two-thirds of the 
audMnce left, suspending discussion for 
severe! minutes. 

O’Brien introdu ced Andrew Wring 
74, chairman of the Student Forum, and 

student pee then sn the Cate of the Hepsrt 
sf the sp— 1 Cen Mnitte e sn the College. 
The lYustoes were not ex p ected to be as 
familiar with its history as the on-campas 
members of the College comnumity. 

ftodmg Hated the Report's lack of 
fiexifaiUty as regards co n ce n tr a tions, its 
arbitrary division into humanities and 
«nr<«i sciences, its basic philosophy 
of coercion and s tr u c tu re as the major 
points of student opposition to It Reding 
also suggested that the r epresen tation on 
the Special Committee was too narrow to 
allow widespread acceptance of their 

Professor Michael Greenwood 
(Biology) called for a better vocational 
preparation for Middlebury graduates 
and suggested that the College’s con¬ 
tinued emphasis on traiditional courses 
was too conservative, and detrimental to 
Middlebury students. He also called for 
help from the Trustees, Faculty, and 
Administration in providing career 

Most of the Trustees disagreed with 
Greenwoodand felt that a liberal arts 
education of breadth, with depth in a 
single, traditional discipline, would 

provide the best vocational training. 

Extra Effort 

John Kirk asserted that the most im¬ 
portant asset for job-seeking graduates is 
the desire to give “that little extra effort 
and do his job better than anyone else. 
With that asset, no one would have trouble 
finding work. 

Kenneth Nourse suggested that the 
Trustees could share their knowledge of 
the market place with Middlebury 
students, that they could visit Middlebury 
and hold seminars. John Kirk and Jon 
Groetzinger both disagreed, saying that a 
constant effort to make the students 
aware of the relevance of their work to the 
outside world was more important. 

Dean O’Brien announced that no time 
could be given to the larger question of the 
Trustee selection process, and simply 
asked (he Trustees to respond to the 
question of how they were selected. 

Three W’s 

Arnold LaForce, chairman of the New 
Trustee committee, said that a Mg 
business background was net a 
req ui rem e nt far me mb ership sn the 
Boned. He se ver al examples of 
Trustees from other occupations, in¬ 
cluding medicine, academia and 
government. The meat important 
characteristics a prospective Trustee can 
have, mid LaForce, are the “Three W’s; 
work, wisdom, and wealth." 

He outlined the selection proce ss , that 
Tr ustees make nominations to his com¬ 
mittee, whose members research the 
candidates’ backgrounds. The New 
Trustee committee then submits a list to 
the whole Board, which votes on them. 
There are also Alumni Trustees, voted on 
by all of the Middlebury Alumni. 

Mary Reardon and Jon Groetzinger, the 
two youngest Trustees, admitted that 
they both expected the older Trustees to 
be almost entirely big businessmen. 
Rather, they said, the outstanding 
characteristics of the Trustees are their 
possession of Mr. LaForce’s three W’s, 
their Middlebury backgrounds, and their 
inspiring dedication to the College. Dean 
O’Brien quickly announced the end of the 
meeting, saying he “just couldn’t help 
closing on a positive note.” 

fr 986q 

page 5 

Letters to the editor_i 

To the Editor: 

I feel that this is the appropriate way to 
extend my sincere apologies to Mrs. 
Eppler for any hurt I may have inflicted 
upon her in my column of January 10. My 
intention was not to wage any campaign 
against her personally, but to inform the 
student body what those members of the 
Undergraduate Life committee who were 
not planning to attend the open meeting 
last Friday were doing instead. 

As this was the first open meeting of 
trustees and students in “as long as 
anyone we know can remember”, I 
personally felt--along with other students, 

I hope--that those Trustees not attending 
ought to have damn good reasons for not 
coming. So I called, or attempted to call, 
each of those not planning to attend to get 
their statements as to why not. Those 
statements were faithfully reported, in 
context, even in the case of Mrs. Eppler. 
My sentence which contained the phrase 
“graciously recuperating in Palm 
Beach”, I admit, left little doubt as to 

For all personal hurt and sadness that 
remark may have caused Mrs. Eppler I 
am heartily sorry. I am informed that she. 
has done a great deal for Middlebury, and 
that in this ihstance she felt it un¬ 
fortunately necessary to miss the meeting 
with students, in order to recover from a 
very real back ailment. 

If I have caused her any suffering 
because of my unfortunate phrasing, I 
herein deeply regret it. 

Nathaniel Forbes 

To The Editor: 

What shall we do with the poll tax? 

Although not reported in the 
newspapers, a new stumbling block was 
thrown into the path of collecting it on 
November 29. Vermont Legal Aid At¬ 
torney Bill Dorsch of Putney secured a 
Windham County Court temporary in- 

faculty views... 

continued from p. 1 

idea is to go skiing every afternoon,” she 

Ms. Gibbons said that she likes the 
opportunity Winter Term affords to teach 
courses that could not be offered in a 
regular semester. However, she feels that 
students should take seriously whatever 
course they take. She added that the extra 
free time could prove valuable, if the 
students used it to attend the lectures and 
movies offered during Winter Term. 

Roland Simon (French) said that he 
feels the Winter Term should stay. He 
likes the idea of Winter Term from the 
teaching aspect, because a professor can 
experiment in his teaching and apply the 
resuits to his regular courses. It also 
provides an opportunity for professors to 
teach interdepartmental courses, and 
courses that could not be stretched out 
over four months. 

Mr. Simon stated that he was, however, 
“annoyed by the rumors about the fact 
that some courses are fantastic guts.” He 
felt that these courses were detrimental 
to the intensive ones. More consistency in 
the work load would be a good idea, he 

In his opinion, the College should try to 
determine exactly what Winter Term is 
meant to be in “intellectual or academic 
terms.” Nonetheless, he said he was, “all 
for taking advantage of skiing if one can 
do so without jeopardizing the Winter 
Term in terms of academia.” 

Klaus Wolff (Economics) said that he is 
having a good time over Winter Term. He 
likes the opportunity to teach a course 
that would not be suitable for a regular 

Mr. Wolff said that his primary ob¬ 
jection to Winter Term is that it gives the 
faculty extra work at a time when they 
need to prepare for the Spring Term. 

junction blocking collection of the tax by 
the Town of Westminster. He charged 
that four clients had not received due 
process because they were not notified 
legally that their names were being added 
to the poll tax list and they were entitled 
to possible exemptions as being "actually 
poor", veterans or widow of a veteran, or 
receiving state aid to the blind, aged or 

Further action in this case will await a 
Vermont Supreme Court decision in 
another poll tax case brought by Dorsch 
in another county. In that case the judge 
ruled that non-payment of a poll tax has 
no reasonable connection with the driving 
license and the license cannot be 
suspended or denied for ndn-payrnenf. 

Mahy persons' feel that it is good'for 
every citizen to pay visibly ’.towaifd the 
costs of locaf government— even though 
his rents may indirectly, go . toward 
property taxes or as one liv'ing in a college 
dormitory he may pdy~ nothing directly 
either. , , < . J. , L. 

Others feel thbt it/if’’unfair, to levy the 
same amount of tax. agairls.t . the poorest 
citizen as against the richest yet that, is 
whatthfe poll fak do£s. ' ' . • \ 

But ydars df aUemijfs'ttfget ?he poll tax 
repealed' have* be£n rejected by' fhe 
Legislature beta use ;sdn|e ’ towns,' par¬ 
ticularly the larger towns,’ find the 
revenue a large part of. their budgets, and 
the alternative property tax is already 
felt to be heavy and unjust. 

As a Legislator I like, on the whole, a 
bill being introduced by Peter Joseph of 
Island Pond to REVISE the poll tax law. 
It does not, in my mind, REPEAL poll 
taxes although it has been heralded as a 
repeal measure. 

What I like about the bill includes — 1. 
The change of the NAME — “poll” tax to 
“head” tax means the same but saves a 
lot of explanations to newcomers to 
Vermont. Because payment of poll taxes 

Apart from the fact that it gives the 
faculty an extra load. Mr. Wolff said that, 
“I’m certainly not opposed to it.” 

“1 like it,” said Murray Dry (Political 
Science). “My experiences have been 
unqualifiably good.” He said that he liked 
the opportunity to study various books, 
which he could not do in a regular term 
course. Mr. Dry said that Winter Term 
is a success and should be continued, not 
just grudgingly. He said that teachers and 
students, however, must have a minimum 
of seriousness about their courses. 

John Hunisak (Art), also feels that 
Winter Term is a good idea that should be 
continued. He said that it was refreshing 
to have a change of pace during the year, 
and that people “thrive on the loosening 
up of pressure.” 

Hunisak commented that one month is 
the right length of time to focus on one 
problem. He said that it is good to have 
two people from different departments 
work together, and that it “makes the 
best sense in terms of intellectual 

In Mr. Hunisak’s view, if students do 
not take advantage of Winter Term it is 
really their problem. He said that he 
could see the program being even freer 
than it is now, with students free to decide 
whether or not to take courses. He said, 
though, that he had not found any students 
who took courses and “just coasted.” 

Mr. Hunisak also feels that Winter 
Term is good because some professors 
are given release time, and can do 
research during the period. Also, those 
teaching have the opportunity to teach 
courses in a field related to their 

Faculty opinions on the idea of reading 
courses, independent study, and in¬ 
ternships also varied. Mr. Dry feels that 

as a requirement for voting has been an 
issue for 1(K) years and has been declared 
unconstitutional, many persons believe 
the tax itself is unconstitutional and have 
an added reason for resisting payment. 
LOCAL OPTION — 2. Permitting towns to 
continue the tax will help secure passage 
of the bill in the Legislature, and in 
general is a healthy placing of respon¬ 
sibility for local finances with local 
voters. 3. Separating the RATE of the tax 
from the rate of property taxes not only 
grants greater flexibility for towns but 
permits the, dge date for payment of the 
head,tax to. be-soon after town meeting. 

Jpseph’s .bill .necessarily repeals the 
statewide .“old age v -tak of $5.00 which 
goes into the general treasure. Its 
collection* .requires. thaL .EVERY town 
have tjie mechanics for-collecting head or 
pellHaxLes amlJosephVlocal town options 
prevents that. unifornjUy. State revenue 
would be minus a million dollars, I am a.separate headache. 

Jordan D. Cole 
• ; • *» j «, Representative. Dist. 13-2 
c.,*..Putney, Vermont 


, . Tlijs is a eppy of. a letter I^m sending to 
Energy Qiief ((William .!£,), Simon, 
i Dear Mr. .Simon: 

I am hopeful of your integrity and 
judgment-,Can. thjDy,.. he used, or has 
corruption become sq- powerful that no 
man is allowed to be a true patriot but 
only to be a robot of the manipulators? 

Regarding your five aspects of the 
energy problem, they are to the point, but 
please consider the following with 
relation to them. 

First, “The need to achieve energy self- 
sufficiency over the next 10 to IT) years.” 
This can be done by intensive develop¬ 
ment of three energy sources: wind 
power, particularly offshore winds; ocean 
thermal differences, both of which can 

non-academic internships are a short¬ 
coming of the Winter Term program, lie 
said that there are some constructive 
ones, though, which could not have taken 
place had it not been for the Winter Term. 

Mr. Wolff feels that the idea of in¬ 
dependent study is “not that good.” He 
said it is hard for him to believe that a 
month is sufficient time to do serious 
work on an independent project or in¬ 

In Mr. Carruth’s view, reading courses 
are satisfactory for good students. 

Mr. Coney said. “Internships are 
perhaps the most valuable thing we’ve 
had.” He is in favor of giving students the 
opportunity to get practical knowledge of 
a professional skill. He said that if Winter 

produce electricity and fuel gas;and direct 
sun rays which can supply a large per¬ 
centage of our space heating and be 
implemented by the passage of Bill H R. 
10952, the Solar Energy Heating and 
Cooling Act of 1973, by the Hon. Mike 

Not only could these make us self 
sufficient in to to 15 years, but we could be 
reciving considerable benefit from them 
in five or less. Bill H R. 10952 is very 
specific- regarding solar, heating. 
Professor William- Heronemus has plans 
for- wind and- acean thermal differences» 
aH worked out and-ready to go. L beg-yotl 
to - give Professor •Heronemus the green - 
light and wherewithal to go full .speed» 
ahead !>>-. 

The above methods promise reliability/ 
are -relatively-'simple,.-competitive -in 
prido mid ecologically dean and .sound- 

Ttie seconcLasped, of .my comments,.is. 
on/'The -need t-d develop vast coal anti-oH. 
shale -resources as-^ con-, 
vehtdhal -petrolei/m.’-’ Those .processes. 
pose many difficult problems involving 
water shortage, pollution and defaeing-of 
thc-eauth-. They, should be.developed only, 
as rapidly . as ways to - prevent. these, 
problematic’conditions- can and will* be 
used. Also, these • resources- should be 
conserved and not gobbled up when.other 
lietti-r -methods of ObtainingiMiergy*f.those 
mentioned above) can anddmidd-ie^used". 

I appreciate your not recommending- 
nuclear fission. It is ridiculous and in¬ 
defensible that sensible solutions to our 
problems are treated as if they did not 
exist, while the difficult, degrading 
methods to pour money into the pockets 
of manipulators are presented to the 
hurting public as if they were the only 
solutions to’ our problertis. ■ 1 

Yours most hopefully, 

Gladys Lodge, Legislative Co-chairman 
Federated Garden Clubs of Vermont 

Term continues, “We should try to exploit 
off-campus work even more.” Mr. Coney 
noted, though, that in general, he was not 
pleased with students’ independent study. 

Mr. Hunisak said of reading courses 
and internships, “I think it’s a marvelous 

In the event that Winter Term were 
discontinued, Mr Carruth said that 
perhaps more would be accomplished if 
the year were simply divided into two 
longer semesters. Mr. Wolff said that two 
semesters would be good, purely from a 
teacher’s point of view. 

Mr. Coney and Mr. Dry»both suggested 
that the iastitution of a trimester system 
might prove valuable. 

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The first is the best” 

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Try our soups and see! 

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the middlebury campus 

'he middlebury campus 

page 6 

1 _ A 




private or public 

“Rambling and Scrambling’’ is no longer going to appear in The Campus. 
The writer of the column has chosen to discontinue publication of his opinions 
in that particular form. We feel that it is necessary to explain why we have 
considered the column of value to the community in the pa,st, and more im¬ 
portantly, why this particular decision has been made. 

“Rambling and Scrambling’’, like any other student column, reflects the 
persona 1 views of the writer on issues which he feels to be of genera 1 interest to 
the College community. Implicit in the establishment of a regular column is 
the assumption that the editorial staff considers the writer capable of a sen¬ 
sitive and questioning perspective. We have felt,and continue to feel, that this 
particular col urn n reflects such a perspective, a nd that the writer’s appraisal 
of ideas and events has been thoughtful and thorough. The column appears on 
the editorial page because it is opinion, and has never been purported to be 
anything else. We feel that it is our responsibility to insure that the in¬ 
formation which the writer uses to formulate hi.second us ions is factual; 
however , his conclusions are, and should be, his alone. 

The issues which Na thaniel Forbes has chosen to consider have been la rgely 
of a political nature. The material he uses is most often controversial, and he 
stales his opinions forcefully in a manner particular to his individual writing 
style. The persons he chooses to criticize are public figures-those with official 
obligations to the community at large. In our estimation, the- writer has 
confined him self to a s poets of those public com m itments a nd has not criticized 
the private lives of the persons involved. The Campus considers this distinc¬ 
tion essential, and welcomes response which addresses the writer with equal 
discretion, in his public capacity. 

Middlebury College is a small community. The benefits of such a com¬ 
munity are obvious, both in an academic and a personal sense. On the other 
hand, it is an atmosphere where individuals’private and public roles are easily 
confused, and when controversy arises, criticism is not always offered with 
that distinction in mind. Criticism for a public act is interpreted as a personal 
insult,and the potential for com m unication a fforded by a sm a II com m unity is 

The writer of “Rambling and Scrambling” feels that criticism of his 
opinions as a columnist no longer confines itself to the views he supports as a 
public figure. He has received a large amount of personal condemnation, 
which is neither instructive nor proper. It is his opinion that because r esponse 
is no longer directed toward his public views, but addresses his private life, 
the column should be discontinued. 

Nathaniel Forbes’ decision is hardly unexpected, nor does it reflect an 
unwillingness to accept valid criticism. He is only the most recent in a line of 
Middlebury students who have chosen to take similar action. The list includes 
two former E ditors-in-Chief of the Campus, and several members of the 
Radical Education Action Project. These students have questioned many of 
the basic premises on which Middlebury College operates, and they have 
questioned them loudly, repeatedly, and in our opinion, responsibly. 

In an institution which professes to welcome forceful and intelligent 
argument, why have all these students felt the need to withdraw from their 
public commitments in order to protect their personal lives? Protest appears 
to be welcomed only when the College considers its substance relatively 
harmless -when it doesn’t question fundamental assumptions that may in fact 
be outdated. The students who choose to give up their public commitments do 
not always withdraw out of healthy frustration, but often because they can no 
longer live in a community where antagonism is directed at them personally. 

• s.h. 

different wavelengths 

Although the Trustees gave repeated assurances at last Friday’s open 
meeting that no decision has been made final on the question of fraternity 
ownership, and that the fraternities merelyhaveto prove themselves worthy of 
existence to prevent a College take-over, both President Armstrong and Dean 
of the College O’Brien have implied a disagreement with this stand. To quote 
Dean O'Brien, the Trustees and he “resonate on entirely different 
wavelengths” and seemingly have fundamentally different approaches to the 
problem . 

Trustee William Youngman has said that Dr. Armstrong and Dean O’Brien 
are dead set against the fraternities, and Dr. Armstrong made it ‘per¬ 
fectly clear’ that he opposes giving the fraternities “another second chance” 
(despite the fact, as Trustee Charlotte Hickcox pointed out, that the present 
fraternity members have never received a second chance). 

We ask both Dr. Armstrong and Dean O’Brien, in the interest of clarity and 
honesty, to inform the College community of their plans in the case that 
fraternity health and appearance standards are maintained at a high level. 

Furthermore, we ask that the President and the Dean of the College make 
clearer “the intricate and complex financial interrelationships” which 
precipitated, in fact, the Administration’s move against the fraternities. 


Rambling and Scrambling 


Perhaps the central point about the Trustees is that 
they are the titular heads of a corporation. The cor¬ 
poration is run i n exactly the same fashion as any other 
corporation; that is, with a view to keeping it finan¬ 
cially solvent while expanding its services and/or 
production capacity. 

At Middlebury College, just as in the “outside 
world,” concentration on the finances of the cor- 
ixiration often reduces concern for other aspects of the 
corporation. Some of these aspects are working con¬ 
ditions. feelings and desires of its employees, concern 
lor the consumer of the products or services, 
responsibility of the corporation toils environment and 
the society as a whole. The Trustees of Middlebury 
College have many of the same qualities and 
deficiencies as the directors of other corporations, 
some of which the Trustees also direct. 

It has been and continues to be my strong feeling that 
the fraternity issue is only the ‘tip of the iceberg.’ It 
was because of that feeling that I originally proposed 
t hat the Trustees and the students meet together to talk 
about the fraternities “and the role of the Trustees at 
this college.” 

My thought—and I believe that most everyone un¬ 
derstood this —was to progress from the very narrow, 
issue of who will do what to whose house, to the more 
substantive matter of who does what to which students. 

Unhappily, the Dean of the College saw fit to cut ott 
such discussion at the open meeting of the Trustees and 
students last Friday. Granted, the ill-conceived cat¬ 
calls of one heckler in the back of the room were not 
conducive to honest discussion of what was, if not at the 
heart of the problem, then close to it. And that was the 
matter of communication between the Trustees and 
the students. 

That subject did not get on the agenda, at least ex¬ 
plicitly. One question about communication elicited 
Archie Bunkerisms from one Trustee, who was at least 
honest about what he thought, and the unctuously 
polite K.O. from the Dean of the World. 

So after the fraternity folks had drawn pro forma 
responses from the Trustees, responses which anyone 
could have written last fall (if not earlier), the room 
emptied. Well, some people stayed, but those who 
came dripping with fraternal pieties oozing from every 
pore took off. It was discouraging. What did we hear 
except what we had expected, which was very little ? 
Can anyone say that fraternity members got a 
straight-forward answer as to where the fraternities 
stand now? Several frat spokespeople are quite good at 

picking up salient quotes from administration figures. 
Did they get any from the Trustees? Hardly. 

The point is that none of us ever will get the straight 
answers until we start clearing the vegetation and crap 
which surrounds not only the Trustees but some herein 
unnamed administrators. What assurance do 
members of fraternities have now, as a result of 
FTiday’s meeting, that this same spina<hwill not come 
up again soon? They have none. Right, the fraternities 
may fall into their well-known alleged disrepair and 
disrepute, and they may have every living creature in 
OldChapel down on their necks again as a result. 

But what if the fraternities “do their job” as they 
claim they will? Does any student have any guarantee 
(hat the Trustees will not decide, in consultation with 
the Administration, that fraternities are dying, that 
students have no interest in frats, or that the chim¬ 
neys of each house present health hazards, are un¬ 
sightly, or are unnecessary, or all three? No. No 
student has such an assurance, or even any faith that 
such decisions will not be made. 

Indeed, they may be made. But not because the 
Trustees have any particular malevolent designs on 
the fraternities. It is because they are responsible for 
running t lie corporation. In the big “outside world” 
corporate management drops losing propositions like 
hot rocks, or sells them off, or buys them up, or avoids 
them, or swindles them, and reorganizes them. Just so 
with this corporation. Just so with the f ra ternities. Just 
so with the corporate management of Middlebury 

Goahead.Lookinthe back of your Student Handbook. 
What position does L. Douglas Meredith hold at Mid- 
dlchurv? Or Arnold LaForce? Or Hilton Wick? 
President of the Corporation, Vice-Chairman of the 
Board (of the Corporation), and Secretary of the 
Corporation, respectively. So it’s a corporation, for 

Which is why I think the subject of communication is 
important enough to pursue, and was important 
enough to pursue last Friday. If the students can’t 
control the corporation, they can at least have some 
influence over its operations. Such influence would 
come from communication. So I thought we all should 
perhaps find out just how responsive those to whom our 
welfare is entrusted reallv are. 

The only conclusion is ‘not very.’ Platitudes about 
how nice it was of the Trustees to come to talk to us 
aside, frat members received no new information nor 
any firm statement of commitment one way or the 
other. Yes, there was some moderately 

interesting expression of opinion about the shape of a 
Middlebury education, with special respect to the 
Committee on the College Report, now everyone’s 
whipping boy. But was everyone happy with corporate 
executives telling us that they had thus-and-so many 
Midd. grads working for them now, and would hire 
another if he were as capable “as the ones I’ve got 

Was the subject of the Trustee selection process, 
carefully left until last, and perhaps the most im¬ 
portant subject of all, really answered by the 
protestations of certain Trustees that although they 
really weren’t members of the Establishment, they 
thought that “all of these people” had worked very 
hard for Middlebury? 

Was anyone disturbed that only half of the Un- 
dergraduateLife Committee saw fit to show up? Seven 
out of thirteen; eight, if you count Mrs. Erickson who 
came in late and sat in the audience. Fine, I’m sure 
that everyone was amused by Jack “Do Your Job” 
Kirk, and Will Jackson, new to the job, was very 
pleasant. But they aren’t members of the Committee. 
If this meeting was open to all Trustees, why didn’t the 
Dean of the World tell the Student Forum last fall that 
all the Trustees could be invited, or would be invited to 
the meeting? And if the meeting was just for the Un¬ 
dergraduate Life Committee, where were they? And if 
some of the Trustees who did not attend the meeting, 
both those on the UL Committee and those not, took 
their attendance as casually as they seem to have, 
what should one’s response be to Jack Kirk’s query, 
“Why don’t you just trust us?’’ 

Was anyone disturbed that only Charlotte Hickcox 
seemed to realize that there is a new group of students 
here every year, and that claims of having consulted 
with students for the last fifteen years couldn’t make 
iess difference to anyone here now? 

Was anyone disturbed that the line of thought which 
Bob Cleary and Arnold LaForce followed about the 
long-range view of the College “after you all have gone 
one down the line” is a line of thought which neither 
necessitates nor permits much discussion with the 
undergraduates of any year? Well, why talk at all 
about what is going on today if you’re focussing on 
what things will be like at Middlebury in 1984? 

These are matters which compose the rest of the 
iceberg. When students can sit down with the 
Trustees—pick your subcommittee, there are thir¬ 
teen— and get into some head-on presentation of 
opinion and position, perhaps the reasons for a few of 
the ills at Middlebury which we are concerned about 
will become perfectly clear. 

3 986q 

- ~ - • ---- - page 7 



They're digging a subway here in Washinton not two 
blocks from the White House, and somtimes at night, 
as you hurry for your bus over temporary runways and 
bouncing catwalks you see for a second frighteningly 
far below a gloomy light in the cavern under your feet 
and hurry on lest the walkway collapse. 

They’re digging something else here in Washington, 
too. a political excavation called impeachment, that 
gets deeper, stranger, more confused, more daunting 
every day. and sometimes as you hurry along you 
shudder lest the crazy thing collapse. 

No, it won’t . America won't collapse. What is hap¬ 
pening could, in the long run even be beneficial. The 
country is extending in its own way the possible path of 
democracy. It is tunneling a passage through an im¬ 
passe we thought couldn't be forced. Nearly every day 
some new detonation shakes the structures, even the 
White House. Someday our children may use the 
precedents we are blasting now and never think of the 
commotion and agony that went into them. 

In a few weeks, as it looks now. England may hold a 
general election to end a deadlock that threatens to 
ruin her. There would be three or four weeks of elec¬ 
toral turbulence and then, perhaps, a resolution one 
way or another. It is the traditional parliamentary 
safety valve for emergencies-like this. 

There is no such apparatus in the American Con- 
sitution, unfortunately, but the Founding Fathers did 
leave a provision which in our predicament we are 
rediscovering after 200 years. It is a process of im¬ 
peachment (that is, indictment) by the House of 
Representatives for presidential maladministration. 
The process was to be “a bridle” upon the President, 
explained The Federalist, and it was enacted, out of 
fear of "encroachments of the executive.” Im¬ 
peachment was not to be a verdict of guilt—that would 
be left to a possible two-thirds vote of the Senate; 
impeachment was to be a preliminary examination in 
the House and a finding of probable cause. 

These ideas of the presidency are so startling to most 
Americans today that we can hardly believe them, and 
yet the Founding Fathers were not subversive; it is we 
who have build up a different, mystical concept of the 
imperial presidencey. The rediscovery of the living 
Constitution, in the trauma of Watergate, is one of the 

most extraordinary ironies of cur history. What is an 
impeachable offense? "The only honest answer is 
whatever a majority of the House of Representatves 
considers it to be in a given moment in history " Who 
made that astonishing remark? Why, Rep. Gerald 
Ford said it in 1970. arguing for impeachment of 
JustTFe William O Douglas. And last week 1 heard 
William Saxbe. the new attorney general, put it even 
more bluntly to a breakfast group: "The House can 
indict a man if they don’t like the color of his necktie.” 

Constitutional authorities like Raoul Berger, Paul S. 
Fenton and Leon Yankwich all agree on im¬ 
peachable offense is not necessarily a criminal of¬ 
fense'; impeachment itself is not mer-eiy a juridicial 
process; it is a political process. In short, the-framers 
left the matter vague .because they wanted a curb on 
the presidency; they were haunted. like the Colonists 
before them, with the threat to liberty of the illimitable 
greed for power. It is only we moderns who hang back 
from taking action agasint the scandals of Watergate. 

The mood in America today toward the Ad 
ministraton is not unlike the mood toward the Viet 
name war. Many people loathed it but very few were 
willing to take drastic steps to end it. The strangest 
predicament is for the Republicans. I do not know one 
Republican politician who does not agree privately 
that it would probably be better for thepartytoget rid of 
the President and substitute Gerald Ford. Gerald Ford 
is, perhaps, the most valuable piece of political 
property in the country today. He is big. friendly, 
candid, direct and honest. If he isn’t an intellectual 
giant, so what: Are you? At the moment he is Mister 
Clean, just what the Republicans most need. 

Alas for him. he is now setting out to defend the 
Administration; the role is prepared for him and he 
must go through with it. “Only a relatively small 
group of activists,” he proclaimed last week, are out to 
impeach the President. They seek to drag out the 
Watergate affair “for political advantage.” The AFL 
CIO, he sayS, and people like thal. Poof Gerry. 

And all the time the tunnelling under Mr. Nixon’s 
reputation goes on. It is strange in Washington, nobody 
believes anybody anymore, and people are prepared to 
believe anything! The President is back from his 
California vacation, bleak and ravaged. He prepares to 

take his speeches and messages to Congress 
Operation Candor has been a fiasco. The bell rings 
excitedly on the news ticker: Bulletin....the Pentagon 
has been stealing documents from Kissinger's 
National Security Affairs office! Did you say the 
radical intellectuals had been stealing them? No. the 
admirals and generals. 

The hell rings excitedly again. Bulletin...Technical 
experts tell Judge Sirica the 18 minute gap in the 
crucial subpoenaed tapes of the Nixon-Haldeman 
Erlich man conversation of June 20. 1972 (presumably 
alxiut Watergate) was made "by repeated stopping 
and starling.” 

And the sworn testimony that Mitchell and Klein 
dienst gave; didn't they say that nobody had pressured 
them in the ITT case? But here is the Administration's 
white paper on the subject. The President did pressure 

And didn't Dr Kissinger categorically assure the 
Senate that he had no knowledge of the intelligence 
activities of his former aide, David Young, co-director 
of the plumbers? Net according to the latest 
development, Kissinger Ordered Young to investigate 
the leaks to the Pentagon which he uncovered. 

And didn’t Mr. Nixon himself say he knew nothing in 
advance about the proposed campaign contributions of 
the dairymen for raising milk price supports in 197T' 
And what is the new story? According to the official 
while paper he met the dairymen in the Oval Office. 
March 22, 1971, having previously been briefed on their 
expected gift. "There was no mention whatsoever of 
campaign contributions,” it says. 

But Ralph Nader, in a law suit brought to have the 
milk order rescinded, has got the White House tapes ol 
what Mr. Nixon actually said. The President began by 
congratulating the dairymen for being "politically 
very conscious” He contrasted them flatteringly with 
businessmen and others “around this table” who 
"yammer and (plk'ajloJ'^buD'tjonil dp anything ;{bout 
ft." Then Mr. Nixon said significantly, “But you do. 
and f appreciate that I.don’t need to spell it (Hit 
Friends talk, and others keep me posted as to what you 

It is desperately difficult to believe that Mr. Nixon 
didn’t know what was going on. 

less talk and more action 
on the energy crisis 

by Ralph Nader 

Now that the people are accurately telling members 
of Congress that the present energy shortage was 
orchestrated by the oil industry and condoned by the 
big businessmen running the government, what will 
Congress do about it? 

Here is a suggested program which Senators and 
Representatives could support that would go a long 
way toward providing justice for consumers, workers 
and small businessmen being squeezed so mercilessly. 

1) Oil prices must be rolled back. Domestic oil costs 
have not increased so much and this oil supplies 70 
percent of the nation's consumption. To permit energy 
chief. William Simon, to use foreign oil prices as a 
reason to allow domestic oil prices to skyrocket 
amounts to unarmed robbery of billions of dollars from 
the public. An export tax would prevent a speculative 
outflow of oil. 

2) Legislation is needed to require a reluctant federal 
government to obtain the full facts about the energy 
situation. This means obtaining and giving to the 
people the information about oil and gas reserves in 
this country (much higher than the industry claims), 
refinery output, storage levels, distribution policies, 
average production costs and profit rates of return 
from wellhead to retail. Presently. Americans should 
realize that the ex-industry men running federal 
energy policy do-not even disclose the extent of oil and 
ga^^undqM^d^rrtSHvf?fdl l i'««(irt^t8‘tlWS^op]e. 

>rr oo otb 9W doiriw viudolbbiM 1b alii ont 

3) To insure that the giant multinational American 
oil companies do not desert this country and its con 
sumers for higher profiteering abroad, the federal 
incorporation of these companies is necessary. Now, 
these companies are chartered in states like Delaware 
which will not and cannot make them accountable. 
Federal, chartering was supported for all national 
companies by Presidents Roosevelt and Taft early in 
this century. It is still a good idea. 

4) Strong antitrust action is a high priority to make 
the oil industry less concentrated and more com-, 
petitive. Greater competition will break the 
monopolistic hold over ' he industry by the big seven oil 
companies and encourage smaller producers, refiners 
and retailers to get petroleum products to market 
cheaper and more consistently. The Federal Trade 
Commission and several state Attorneys General have 
such anti-monopoly cases under way. But Mr. Simon 
and his aides are strongly against such action. 

5) A major portion of new oil and gas is situated on 
the federal lands-offshore and onshore. These natural 
resources belong to the people. As proposed by Senator 
Adlai Stevenson, a federal oil and gas company, to 
explore and produce such resources under strict en¬ 
vironmental controls, would be highly beneficial. Such 
a company would assure the nation of adequate fuel 

odJ tiuppte* con- 

vtetGfrehetK It mtwkl h^/dir^^e competition-*HUje oil 

industry -as much as TVA did for the electric power 
industry. It would also provide independent gas 
stations and heating oil distributors with supplies when 
the big oil companies cut them off in order to replace 
them with their wholly owned outlets. 

(i) With a very small expenditure, Congress could 
provide technical assistance to state and local taxing 
districts to reassess the value of oil. gas and coal in the 
ground. Minerals companies have historically un¬ 
derestimated the amount and value of their minerals in 
order to keep their property taxes unconscionably low 
The desperate needs of these poor localities have gone 
unmet because of this gross underpayment of property 
taxes by the companies that exploit their wealth. There 
is now more compelling reason than ever to reassess 
these lands and resources from West Virginia to Texas 
and recover hundreds of millions of dollars of un¬ 
collected property tax revenues. 

Both directly and indirectly through the "multiplier 
effect," this leap of fuel prices will jolt the economy 
into another inflationary spiral and an increasing 
inability to compete in world markets. How many 
more devaluations can a further weakened dollar 
absorb under such circumstances in the future? If such 
programs as noted above are not adopted, the created 
energy crisis of 1972-1974 will become the trillion dollar 
y>'er tjip next^yv^p^) >iears. 

Jr. boog 9tiup 9 IB 9lq09q«S 8 fB'li l£19V9<i ? WO' 

mddletoury campus 

the middiei ;ampus 

.-■age 8 


In Uio last two years, Middlebury 
students have taken to the long-deserted 
trails and hills of Vermont in pursuit of a 
new passion—cross country skiing. The 
skiers’ telltale tracks dot the landscape, 
from the fields surrounding the College, 
high up into the backwoods of the Green 
Mountain Forest Preserve. The 
widespread interest in what is, for most 
Americans, a new sport, indicates that 
this is not just a passing fad. 

Nordic skiing, of course, predates the 
alpine variety so popular in Vermont by 
several centuries. It was long used by 
Scandinavians as a means of travel in the 
hard winters so common to Norway, 
Sweden, and Finland. Even today, many 
Norwegians ski to work or school if they 
can. Middlebury students have developed 
their own variant of this practice by 
skiing out to meals at the SDU’s. 

But it is only in the past two to three 
years that Nordic skiing has captured the 
public imagination in the United States, 
or at least in those parts of it where snow 
falls Even at Middlebury, which has been 
for years one of the top ski schools in the 
nation, the only cross country skiers until 
recently were racers. In part because of 
the strange nature of their sport, racers 
were usually regarded with the diffidence 
; ul proper distance which one accords to 
all gluttons for punishment. But suddenly, 
everyone is cross-country skiing. 

For the large number of Middlebury 
students who have been alpine skiers 
most of their life, cross-country skiing, 

which is also known as X-C, Nordic skiing, 
and ski touring, has proved to be a good 
change of pace and an easy way to get 
outdoors for a few hours. But for many 
alpine skiers discouraged by the long lift 
lines, environmental destruction, and 
commercialism which they associate with 
downhill skiing, cross-country offers the 
quiet of the woods and the freedom to 
explore, as well as some unique thrills. 

And for many others, ski touring has 
become the first real reason they’ve ever 
had to spend time outdoors during the 
winter. The relatively low cost of 
equipment and the case and enjoyment of 
learning to cross-country ski have 
combined to make converts out of many 
who once thought of winter as the time for 
a good book and a lot of patient waiting for 

Where They Ski 

The traditional locale for Nordic skiing 
in the Middlebury area has long beeh the 
area, surrounding the College’s Breadloaf 
Campus and the Robert Frost Farm, 
several miles east of Itipton. Middlebury 
racers train here daily, and the Breadloaf 
Campus is the site of the Winter Carnival 
Nordic races, as well as a number of other 
events. Breadloaf is a favorite with many 
for several good reasons. Since it is higher 
than many other locations, it is more 
likely to have sufficient snow. And 
because the ski team trains there, a track 
has usually already been made on the 
trails, which makes the skiing faster and 
easier. A sled with runners, which is 

catches on to 
cross country 

reports that the new equipment has sold 
very well. Because owner Ted Lefkowitz, 
who is director of the Student Hostelling 
Program of New England, wanted to 
explore the field before making a full 
commitment to selling skiing equipment, 
the store’s selections have been limited 
this year largely to Bass equipment. 
Mollica, however, was quick to point out 
that Bass equipment is among the best. 
Next year, the store plans to offer several 
different brands of skis and other equip¬ 
ment, as well as supplementing its 
selection of Vermont Tubbs snowshoes 
and books on skiing. Like Mountain 
Sports, the Center held a clinic on 
technique, equipment and waxing in 
December, which was attended by about 
65 people, many of them townspeople. 
Middlebury team members Dave Lantz 
and Gred Ward gave the clinic. 

A number of other sporting goods stores 
in the Middlebury area also sell Nordic 
skiing equipment. Blueberry Hill Farm’s 
owner, Tony Clark, is the regional 
representative for Bona skis, and he sells 
equipment at his lodge. The Dakin Farms 
store on Route 7 north of Middlebury also 
sells equipment, as does Eastern Mountain 
Sports store in Burlington. Most of these 
stores also rent equipment. 

Basic equipment requirements for ski¬ 
touring are Nordic skis, boots, and bin¬ 
dings, with poles an option (downhill poles 
can be used, but the longer and lighter 

cross-country poles make things a little 
easier). There are a number of different 
kinds of boots, but all are low-cut. light¬ 
weight, and designed for the special 
cross-country binding. Poles are either 
bamboo or of the lighter and more 
durable (but, predictably, more ex¬ 
pensive) aluminum variety. 

But a potential buyer of cross-country 
skis can, if lie considers all types of skis, 
be faced witha wilderness of alternatives. 
Most people still opt for the traditional 
wood or the newer fiberglass touring skis, 
which require wax for a grip on uphill 
sections and for sliding on the downhills. 
The wood skis are usually made of 
hickory or a combination of hickory and 
birch. Many have edges made of 
lignistone, which is a durable material 
made of compressed wood. The fiberglass 
skis are preferred by some because they 
do not require an annual coat of base wax 
and can be made to be both strong and 
supple in the tip, which is the weakest 
part of a wood ski. The glass skis are. 
however, more expensive and are scorned 
by purists. Choosing therightwax for each 
day’s conditions can be a problem, so ski 
manufacturers in their infinite wisdom, 
have designed skis to circumvent the 
difficulty by making a ski which does not 
require waxing. One of these skis has a 
plastic bottom molded in a pattern of 
small “fishscales.” Another variety has 
two thin strips of seal skin on the bottom, 
which, it is claimed, will also enable a ski 





Mt. Moosalamoo 


Middlebury Touring Club & 
Ski Touring Trails in the 

National Fc 

the golf course, but it provides the skier 
with a taste of the Vermont countryside 
and spectacular views of the Adirondack 
Mountains and the shelf of the Green 

pulled behind a snowmobile, is used after 
a fresh snow fall to put down a new track. 
Many prefer Breadloaf because of its 
beautiful mountain and forest scenery, 
and others like it for the variety of both 
tracked and unbroken trails in the area. 

Within the last two years, another area 
close by Breadloaf. the Blueberry Hill 
Farm, has become popular. The Farm 
lies some five or six miles off Route 125, 
on the road leading to the old En¬ 
vironmental Center and Mt. Moosalamoo 
(see map). A young couple have con¬ 
verted an old farmhouse there into a lodge 
for cross-country skiers. The Farm offers 
lodging and reportedly excellent meals, 
as well as an extensive network of ski 
trials, including one through the Forest 
Preserve to the Middlebury College Snow 
Bowl. Bluebery Hill has been featured in a 
major skiing periodical and is the site of 
the annual, mass-start "Pig-Race.” For 
day skiers, there is a hut which sells soup 
and other refreshments. 

For the studenl who wants to get away 
from the dorm for an afternoon or just a 
short trip, there are two favorite areas 
contiguous to the College. One is the 
College Golf Course and the adjoining 
fields, an area which also is often used by 
ski team members. The gold course area 
usually has several well-skied tracks and 
is a good area for beginners because it is 
relatively flat. 

A second popular area is that west of 
Kelly and Lang Halls, in the valley which 
lies down a long, sloping hill from the 
College. This area is not skied as often as 


As cross-country skiing has rising in 
popularity, equipment has become more 
easily available. In Middlebury two stores 
sell crass-country equipment. 

Ski Haus Mountain Sports (formerly 
Sports Unlimited) has been selling Nordic 
ski equipment for years, but the store has 
witnessed an enormous rise in demand in 
the past three years To meet this demand, 
the store imports may of its skis directly 
from the Scandinavian producers. 
Because of its relatively large size, 
Mountain Sports is able to offer some 
eight different brands of cross-country 
skis, and nearly as many differnt brands 
of boots and waxes. The store also stocks 
racing and ski mountaineering equip¬ 
ment. along with knickers, nylon over¬ 
suits. and other clothing for ski touring. 

But after the demise of Mai Randall’s 
Ski Shop, sold a limited amount of X-C 
gear, another competitor to Ski Haus 
Mountain Sports has emerged. The Bike 
Touring Outer has opened up a “Ski 
Touring Center” on a. limited basis this 
year, and plans to expand next season. 
For many Middlebury students who have 
resented Ski Haus’ domination of the 
sporting goods field in Middlebury, the 
new store is at least, a sentimental 
favorite. Tony Mollica, store manager, 

Blue Bed 

3/ Fire 

Vi) Hill . 




To Hancock 
& Rt 100 

Snow Bowl 

Goshen Dam 

Romance Mt. 


ogback Mt 

Energy Food from Norway,” 

The rising popularity of cross-country 
skiing is reflected by the increasing 
number of events surrounding the sport. 
Al the College, there have been some 
intramural team races, and Nordic skiing 
has long lx*en an event in the annual in 
tramural championships. Crosscountry 
skiing is now a very popular gym class, 
and many students rent skis from the 
Mountain Club. 

Elsewhere, mass-start races for all 
comers are very popular. The Putney 
Washington’s Birthday Race is a classic 
and now receives over a thousand entries 
for each race. In addition to the Pig Race 
at Blueberry Hill Farm, the February, 
1974 issue of Skiing Magazine lists a 
number of other open events, among them 
the Paul Revere Race (subtitled "A Race 
for All Humans), the Great Race, in 
Simsbury, Connecticut, the Waterville 
Valley Cross Country Ski Touring Derby, 
and the .Johnny Walker NASTAR X-C 
races which were, we are told, "launched 
last year on 1,000 cakes of crushed ice in 
New York’s Central Park on the hottest 
.Jan 17 since 1913.” 

The races are fun. and no one takes 
them very seriously, but for most 
cross-country skiers the sport offers a 
chance for quiet, exploration, and some 
cheap thrills. As more than one afficiando 
has put it, "It’s the sort of thing you grow 
to love.” 

to stick and slide at the right moments. 
Most skiers, however, prefer to wax their 
owrn skis, because they view guessing at 
the right wax as "part of the game” and 
part of the satisfaction one derives from 

Each day the Mountain Sports store 
puts up a sign in its front window giving 
the recommended wax for the day. Dif¬ 
ferent waxes are made for different 
conditions and are color-coded (blue wax, 
green wax, and the like) to distinguish 
them. On one especially cold morning 
recently, the sign in the store’s window 
read Turquoise Rex Mantaranta,” which 
is not, to say the least, a common color. 
Inquiry revealed that this was a special 
variety of green wax for very cold 

In addition to the basic equipment and 
waxes there is a plethora of accessories, 
some of them necessary and some 
frivolous. These include: heel plates for 
the skis, rubber nylon overboots for 
slushy snow, various cork and scraper 
combinations, blow torches for removing 
w-ax, Grundvalla (a pine tar used as base 
wax for skis ). plastic ski tips in the event 
of breakage, w'heel-shaped charts for 
computing the right w'ax for different 
snow conditions, "ski boot balm,” (a 
leather preservative), fanny packs, belt 
packs, and back packs, and a brown 
substance billed as "Turblokken— High 

Brandon Gap 

Goshen Four Corners 

Scale—one inch equals one mile 

Blueberry Hill Farm 
t Green Mountain 
orest 4 



I Paved Highway 

Plowed Road 

Unplowed Road 

Ski Trail 








Trail Markers 
(Red Rectangles 

the middlebury campus 

page 10 

looking backward...the american fifties 


The American .">()’s how the people of that time saw 
lliemsejves and how we see them now, was the topic of 
this year's Cinema Club Winter Film Festival. 
Dana became a drive-in from the afternoon qf Friday. 
January 0 to the early morning hours of Monday, 
January 14. 

Ip order to provide some background on the political 
climate of the decade, the first film shown at the 
Festival was Erpile de Antonio's Point of Order , an 
edited version of the TV footage of the Army McCarthy 
hearings. The similarity to the Watergate hearings 
provided by the trappings of a Congressional in¬ 
vestigation was given an added twist when President 
Eisenhower came to the rescue of the Ar my wielding a 
familiar weapon: executive privilege. W'ho were the 
good guys and who were the bad guys? Even more 
ambiguities were evident in the day’s second feature, 
(>n the Waterfront Who was the man who really con¬ 
trolled the New York docks from the safety of his 
uptown private club? Did Marlon Brando lead his 
fellow workers towards a happy-ending or towards u 
bigger mousetrap that slowly closed its steel gate 
behind them? 

Elia Kazan, who directed On the Waterfront , also 
directed East of Eden , starring James Dean, the 
quintessential surely young man. Dean’s other big 
role. Kchel without a Cruise was shown at the Festival 
also. These two movies were the basis of Dean’s 
popularity, which increased enormously after his 

dramatic death in a motorcycle accident. 

Saturday afternoon brought myths of another kind to 
Dana those of the Western. A disappointingly small 
audience had a chance to see, minus color, The Man 
Who Shot Liberty Valance , John Ford’s underpraised 
masterpiece. The. film deals with a classic eon- 
Irontution between the man of law and order (James 
Stewart) and the man of violent solutions (John 
Wayne), each I rying to impose his view on the new land 
(symbolically, represented by the woman both men 
love, Vera Miles). The solution to the problem, a 
compromise, was as American as its setting: Stewart 
accepts the fame that came to him for having 
allegedly killed the bandit Liberty Valence (Lee 
Marvin) in a duel, even though he would like tw set the 
record straight and give the credit to the man who 
actually did it, the now dead John Wayne. “This is the 
West, Senator,” a newspaper editor tells him, “when 
the legend becomes fact, print the legend.” Stewart 
acquiesces to the myth so that he can shape new 
realities from his position in government. 

The last film shown on Saturday night. In Cold Blood , 
depicted another confrontation in the Western plains, 
this one between a family for whom the American 
dream had turned out all right, and tw'o ex-eons for 
whom it turned out all wrong. Pure chance brought 
these two groups together and the result was death to 
all involved. The family died at the hands of one of the 
convicts who was unconsciously acting out his revenge 
against his own family and society; the convicts are 

hung on the gallows of society in the name of justice. 
Richard Brooks’ version of Capote’s best seller con¬ 
centrates on the background of one of the murderers, 
the greaser, but manages to convey the dilemma 
present in the novel — society’s need to rid itself of an 
incurable killer and his accomplice, and at the same 
time, its guilt in having helped shape their warped 

Sunday afternoon a Judy Garland musical, A Star is 
Horn , set a different mood. Although its locale is 
Hollywood in the 50’s, the plot is the typical “star- 
vehicle”: boy discovers girl with talent, boy helps girl 
with talent make it big in show biz while his own career 
goes sour, hoy gets out of girl’s life so as not to hurt her. 
Substitute Judy’s name for that of Susan Hayward, 
Doris Day, Barbra Streisand and out come With a Song 
in My Heart, Love Me or Leave Me, and Funny Girl. 
George Cukor directed Star with a heavy, 

plodding pace, but to her fans, this is vintage Judy. 

Finally, the last picture of the Festival w'as precisely 
that,Peter Bogdanovich’s The Last Piet tire Show . The 
action takes place in a small Texas town. The view' of 
the West depicted in the John Wayne movie alluded to 
in the title clashes with the one portrayed in this movie. 
No more myths left. The land and its people are 
desolate, poor, spent. At the end. the young man and a 
prematurely aged woman (Cloris Leachman, in her 
Oscar-winning performance) sit facing each other, 
offering companionship while waiting for the sixties. 
As one member of the audience put it: ‘‘How will we 
see the seventies in 1994? See you then. 

pilobolus: other than 



s human flesh and hone 




Pilobolus flies, oozes, slithers, slides, leaps and then 
suddenly stands still, in delicate,, motionless balance. “ 
Pilobolus makes you giggle and Pilobolus makes you 

Although their bodies seem to be made of something 
other than human flesh and bone, Pilobolus is a group 
of six very human dancers. They performed to an awe¬ 
struck audience on Wednesday, January 16. 

It seemed as if there were no end to Pilobolus’ 
strength, imagination and energy. They weren’t afraid 
to try anything, even it it meant soaring through space, 
colliding gracefully with a pile of bodies, and then 
gliding into a formation of perfect equilibrium. 
Sometimes it hxtked as if a tornado could not destroy 
the solid structures they created with their bodies. At 
other times they seemed to hang suspended like a 
mobile which could he disturbed by a breath of air. 

IMobolus was founded by two Dartmouth graduates. 
The four male members, who formed the original 
group, showed agility and creativity unparallelled by 
anything I have ever seen before. Since last year, two 
women have been added to the group. They enable 
o Pilobolus to perform “pas de deux” pieces which 
cr require a male and female partnership. 

^ The one piece performed by the women alone was 
~ good, but I was much more impressed by the men. 

— Maybe it was because they have been working together 

long enough to achieve the strong fluidity of motion 
which is so central to their style. 

All of the choreography is done by the dancers 
themselves. They create the dance and then the music 
is composed to fit the dance. The dancers may try out 
several different scores before deciding on the one 
most appropriate to their piece. 

The names for the dances seem to be chosen just as 
carefully. Pilobolus claims that the titles are picked for 
the “appropriateness of their sound and the visual 
impact of the written word,” and not for any specific 
allusion to any part of the dances. But I could not help 
hut notice the cleverness of the names. 

“Spyrogyra”, defined as a slimy mass of algae, 
came alive on the stage as Pilobolus slid, oozed and 
pulsated to eerie music. “Syzgy” was a piece featuring 
a stiffly jointed, hysterically funny character. Even 
the name of the group itself is appropriate — Pilobolus 
is a fungus noted for the powerful way in which it ejects 
its sporangium. This is exactly the image created by 
one dancer, who w'as catapulted through space. 

Again and again the group’s vivid imagination came 
through. Their choice of movements was as precise as 
the titles of their dances, and their presentation 
seemed flawless. 

The Pilobolus Dance Theater is an experience which 
should not be missed. They use the human body as an 
instrument of wonder, and make the most difficult 
move look as easy as taking a step. 

page 11 


review: erich fromm 


Erich Fromm: The Anatomy of Human Destruc¬ 
tiveness . Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1973. 521 pages, 

I suppose that our attitude toward Erich Fromm is 
and should be genuinely ambivalent. Fromm’s prose 
reads like a high school term paper, his ideas are often 
trite or superficial, and his tone (as Marcuse observes) 
is often like a sermon. 

It is no wonder that he is ignored as much as he is. 
Norman 0. Brown in a recent article includes only 
Reiff and Marcuse along with himself in a list of 
fellows who tried to reveal the radical social im¬ 
plications of Freud’s psychoanalysis in the 1950’s. And 
Paul Robinson’s otherwise palatable monograph, The 
Freudian Left , quite consciously denies Fromm 
membership in this fashionable fellowship simply 
because Fromm fails to champion any half-baked 
notions about the total eroticization of the human body 
as a political imperative, or the harnessing of fancied 
“death instincts” by equally fanciful “life instincts” 
(perhaps leading to ...immortality!) 

Yet if we want a synthesis of Freud and Marx (ad¬ 
mitting, after all, that Skinner and Marx is just not 
going to work), these are the definitive works in the 
field. Lichtheim, in his essay on Freud and Marx, says 
something to the effect that Marcuse is justifiably the 
contemporary choice here. But isn’t anyone even a 
little embarrassed by all the tortuous theoretical 
nonsense that has to be assembled in a book like Eros 
and Civilization to swing orthodox 'psychoanalysis 
from its comfortable apolitical pose (the resignation of 
Civilization and Its Discontents ) to a post on the 
frontiers of Marxism? Even Wilhelm Reich enjoys a 
renaissance these days-witness the stacks of Reich’s 
paperbound tomes proliferating in the bookstores, 
unsold. Reich, at least, was properly upset by Freud’s 


This Friday 
night at 10:00P.M. 

presents a Spectacular 
Impeachment Special 

Direct from the Old Caucus Room 
high atop a pile of 
incredible prevarication 

On WRMC , 91.7 on 

Tour Dial 

Be sure to tune in to the 
National Lampoon Radio Hour 
Friday night at 
0:00 P.M. 

dual instinct theory of 1920 and decided that Freud had 
gone far enough. But then Reich was around in those 
days so that he, unlike his modern equivalents, lacked 
the classical reverence necessary to swallow Freud at 
his metapsychological worst. 

Erich Fron\m was around in those days too. Escape 
From Freedom , which first appeared during Ger¬ 
many’s World War Two heyday (comparable to 
Reich’s Mass Psychology of Fascism published in 
1933), established him in the mainstream of what has 
been called, over Fromm’s objections, “neo- 
Freudian” or “interpersonal” psychoanalysis. So he is 
classed with Homey, Sullivan, and Thompson. Yet 
Fromm has never been preoccupied with therapeutical 
problems; his interest has always been in the societal 
forces that shape man’s character structure and thus 
his psychopathology. 

Fromm’s theories have a certain sensibility about 
them: Freud is completely re-cast, and a lot of bad 
science is dumped. The result is still psychoanalysis- 
but of a more reasonable and humanistic variety. 
Unlike Freud's original formulations, Fromm’s 
theories do not have to be disfigured by “in¬ 
terpretation” in order to squeeze out a little Marx: 
they were actually nourished by Fromm’s study of 
Marx, and casually reflect Fromm's understanding of 
man in his socioeconomic relations. Fromm proves 
that one does not have to be a wholesale fool in order to 
be a Freudian. If only he could write as eloquently as 
Freud, who could make the most hopelessly ridiculous 
theory sound like the fruit of great wisdom. 

The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness reveals 
that Fromm is concerned about the credibility of his 
work in the scientific community. To meet the 
challenge of more experimental orieh tat ions, Fromm 
has closeted himself up somewhere in Mexico to 
review a mass of psychological literature, in an effort 
to dress up his theory of human nature and aggression 
in experimental garb. This attempt is evident in two 
areas. First, he makes liberal use of words like 
“data”, “research”, “physiological”, “behavior”, and 
other terms previously unknown to the psychoanalysts. 

(We can only react cynically to this addition to 
Fromm’s tiresome vocabulary). Secondly, we see 
Fromm’s use of the experimental work of people like 
Harry Harlow, Olds and Milner, R.F. Heath, and 
Robert Fantz. 

The trouble is that the data is generally used merely 
for the criticism of rival theories of aggression. This 
buries the instinctivists in fairly convincing fashion. 
Fromm devotes nearly one hundred pages to a 

winter carnival 

b. b. king 

Have we got a deal for you...Middlebury’s 1974 
Winter Carnival Committee brings you none other than 
the 1974 Winter Carnival (Feb. 21-23) entitled—The 
Garden of Eden. It may be a cold February when our 
three day entertainment schedule comes alive, but 
things should be hot! 

Initiating Carnival, the Northern Lights Races, held 
Thursday afternoon,will give all Middlebury students a 
chance to show-off their human dog sled talents or 
their downhill traying prowess. You can also try to be 
the champion of the trans-campus cross country race, 
the Tour de Middlebury. 

There are many other Carnival events offering a 
wide variety of entertainment. The traditional Ice 
Show featuring children from town, college talent (or 
untalent) and professional acts will be held Thursday 
and Saturday nights. 

John Lonoff will be directing the very entertaining 
production, An Evening’s Bawdy. And, of course, there 
will be the EISA Ski Championships at the Snow Bowl, 
square dancing, night clubs, movies, parties, and, not 
to forget, the Carnival Ball, with the coronation of 
1974’s Winter King and Queen. And don’t forget to start 
thinking of snow sculpture ideas using the theme the 
Garden of Eden. 

Best of all, however, will be this year’s Klondike 
Rush. The Carnival Committee in conjunction with 
MCAB’s Aramatoons will present a show feaiurning 
B.B. King and band, followed by a dance with The 
Widespread Depression and another band to be an¬ 
nounced. This should prove to be one of Middlebury’s 
best concerts. 

This year you can do more than just watch, par¬ 
ticipate in and experience can also wear 
it. We are selling Winter Carnival T-shirts, priced at 
$2.00 a piece, with the designs shown in the picture. 

Middlebury’s Carnival is the only winter carnival in 
the East still entirely student run. We receive no school 
funds, so we therefore depend heavily on student, 

multidisciplonary critique of Lorenz and others who 
maintain that man’s destructive impulses are 
genetically programmed. The section of an¬ 
thropological material is particularly interesting--but 
missing here are previous psychoanalytic favorites 
like Roheim, Robertson, Frazer, and Darwin (who was 
given to speculation.) 

Fromm’s critique of the behaviorists, however, is 
pretty flimsy. His initial section is superfluous, and he 
fails to follow it up with the assemblage of evidence 
that he uses against the instinctivists. In fact, there is 
no real evidence at all, and this is very suggestive. 

Fromm’s real c ri tique of behaviorism depends solely 
on the validity of his own theory. The building blocks of 
this theory are familiar: the characterology comes 
from Man For Himself , the social perspectives form 
The Sane Society , and the theory of necrophilia from 
The Heart of Man . The whole thing is based on a 
distinction between what Fromm calls “defensive 
aggression” which he says is innate (there is some 
evidence for this assertion), and “malignant 
aggression” or destructiveness proper, which is held to 
be a pathological response to a complex of existential 
needs that originated in man’s evolution “out of” 

Fromm tries to establish the credibility of these 
needs by argument alone, only occasionally backing up 
his argument with dubious specualtions on ex¬ 
perimental and anthropological data. He is in a tight 
spot when he has to explain how these "needs” 
developed and how such a thing as a “character 
structure" could be formed in the course of evolution 
Both sound implausible when measured against more 
fluid conceptions of human behavior. In short, 
Fromm's theory of human nature, and hence of 
aggression, hinges on quasi-philosophical prin¬ 
ciples—which is what we might expect when we pick 
up a treatise by a psychiatrist. 

The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness is Fromm’s 
most important book. It serves as a welcome antidote 
to Kollo May’s pretentious volume of last year. It 
clarifies the concept of aggression and reminds us that 
aggression is a problem that must be considered from 
the perspective of many dispiplines. (Whether 
psychoanalysis is one of these disciplines is another 
question). Fromm’s book also makes a very in¬ 
teresting argument against the instinctivists, who hold 
a special place in the popular imagination. Un¬ 
fortunately, Fromm’s own theory, though instructive, 
does not make the grade. 


faculty, and administraton support of our turn! raising 
adventures, likeourT-sfiirl sales and this year's rattle 
The raffle includes the most extensivee list of prizes 
ever offered by a Middlebury Carnival Committee 
<e.g Dynamic //447 skis, Rossignol skis, Nordica boots, 
cross-country skis, touring pack, ski and hiking 
equipment, gift certificates to local stores, and free 
dinners).As the graifie posters admonish you “It’s your 
Carnival; support it." 

The Winter Carnival Committee invites everybody to 
enjoy themselves for three days...February 21st, 22nd 
and 23rd. 

middlebury campus 

the middlebury campus 

page 12 


Leger a modern master 

Student-Faculty lunches to end 


Between the sixth and thirty-first of 
January, the Johnson Art Gallery of 
Middlebury College will exhibit a number 
of superb oils, gouaches, and graphics by 
the twentieth-century French artist, 
Fernand Leger. All the works are on loan 
from Dartmouth College, where they 
form part of the permanent collection. 

This show is not a comprehensive 
Survey df Leger’s art, but rather focUses 
upon the French roaster’s production of 
fHe 1'930’s. Thefe# particular Works vibrate 
Jit© i »</ J >i;R w.'. • > yoV 

Turn autos off 1 

? V/ifl I*, 1 ' !*/ V l! 'j • - yn\ y t 

AddisonCounty State’s Attorney John 
C. Peppman. wishes to remind .motorists 
that,,effective March 1, 1973,- H:-became 
illegal in Vermont to loave an automobile 
or truck unattended without first stopping 
the.engine and removing the keys from 
the ignition.' ■ • . . . . i l ; 

His office lias received a number <if 
complaints', he Indicated, regarding 
motorists -who leave- their - engines 
running. The complaints have generally 

D-8 auditions 



Auditions for guitarist, 1st and 2nd 
tenors will be held by the Dissipated Eight 
on Wednesday, January 30th at 7.00 p.m. 
in Forest East Lounge. 

with exuberance and optimism; in them, 
Leger has synthesized his mastery of 
bold, unmodulated color, his excitement 
with hybrid, mechanical-biomorphic 
shape, and his personal style of cubist- 
derived composition. 

Neither tentative, overly- 
intellectualized, or mechanistic to the 
point of coldness (all of which can 
sometimes be true of his art), the works in 
this exhibition make a strortg c&ke for 

Leger’s designation as "mpcTern master”. 

u'iv' t r ■ 'Wli r 

:«i/ ‘v - . 

stressed the fact that sgch apractFee is a 
waste of gasoline as well as contributing 
to air pollution, Deppman said. ' r 
The State’s Attorney has notified all law 
enforcement officers in the county that 
tills law is to be enforced. Motorists and 
truckers will be given a wahnihg prior to 
the-issuance of a traffic ticket, he said. 

Persons may, of course, warm up their 
engines on cold days for a reasonable 

per’lod-of time, he added. • , 

*. > , . U ■ t 

-vi 1; '• , % *- t*. . ft) }■’11,'\ 

-,rn: n >..■ 

. 1M. *■ ; I;,;: ■ .' 

Please contact Sue Duncan, Business 
Manager, at 388-6469 if you are unable to 
come, so that another audition can be 

FOR SALE: 45” year old 
refrigerator. Legal size for use in 
dorms; $50.00. Call 388-2312. 
SKI REPAIR work much needed 
for your alpine or X-country skis? 
Try the shop on campus: flat and 
side filing, bottom refinishing, 
delaminations, and binding 
adjustment completed. Also hot 
waxing and X-country waxing 
and base preparation. Call 9054 or 
see Paul Consius, Lang 215. 

from Boccaccio’s The 
Decameron. An original en¬ 
tertainment in the Hepburn Zoo 
theatre, Feb. 19-24. Tickets on 
sale soon after vacation at $1.00. 
Don’t miss it! 

ONLY typing service which 
charges LESS for theses than for 
ordinary manuscripts! Tues, Fri 
9-5; Mon, Wed, Thurs, 1-5. 388- 

The Addison County Community 
Action Group is now holding a 
drive to collect any usable fur¬ 
niture. There are many people in 
Addison county who need mat¬ 

tresses, bureaus, kitchen uten¬ 
sils, or any other home fur¬ 
nishings you have to give. If you 
have a donation, please call 388- 
2285 or 388-4802 and we will 
arrange to pick up the furniture. 

COOKS: To many who came in 
the afternoon, the Craft Festival 
was a host of crafts and music 
alone. However, there was 
another equally important 
dimension-the baking. Cooks 
came and went, leaving “tastes” 
of their skills, but there were so 
many that I soon lost track of 
them. Therefore,I would like to 
take time now to thank all those 
who did contribute and 1 will 
mention the following in par¬ 
ticular since I have their names: 

Alison . Brown-Cestero, 
Priscilla Chen, Anne DuVivier, 
Peggy Hart, Lynn Lubrium, 
Ingrid Malmstrom, Laurie 
McLeod, Peggy Robinson, Shelly 
Pomerance, Karen Sloan. To you 
and to any others whom I have 
missed: Thand you very much. 
You really helped to make it a 
great day. -Eileen Rockefeller- 





MCAB is discontinuing its student/ 
faculty lunch program at the end of 
Winter Term. Too few people were aware 
of its existence, yet those who were 
tended to abuse it. Although MCAB sees 
the student/faculty lunch program as 
playing an important role in 
strengthening student/faculty relations, 

Pack to read 

Robert Pack, professor of English and 
American Literature, will read from hi§ 
poetry at 4:15 p.iti., Friday, January 25, in 
Munroe Lounge. The reading is being 
sponsored by the Middlebury College 
Activities Board. 

Professor Pack is the author of six 
hooks of poetry, a book of criticism on 
Wallace Stevens, three children’s books; 
and a translation of the Mozart 
Librettos. He has co-edited three an¬ 
thologies of- poetry and shortstories, and 
hiS work has appeared in many> 
nYagafcirleS and anthologies. “Welcoming 
Poem for the Birth' of My Son” shared 
firAt prize in the f Berest one Mountain 
PYietry Awards for 4965. “The Last Will 

: <r A u ,vo d :- i y i-j-./'t . -. 1» pf 


beer and wine 

it does not have the funds to support the 
program if it is widely publicized. 

MCAB will recommend that the 
program be funded by either the Student 
Forum or the College, as they may have 
enough money to finance the student/- 
faculty lunch program effectively. 

and Testament of Art Evergreen,’’ which 
appears in the volume Home from the 
Cemetery , received a National En¬ 
dowment for the Arts award in 1968. 
During his leave of absence from Mid¬ 
dlebury this winter and spring term, he 
plans to compile a volume of new and 
selected poems. 

Last summer, he was appointed 
Director of the Bread Loaf Writer’s 

Furnished Room for 

Close to College and 

town. Private bath, 

kitchen privileges. 

$70 monthly. 

Call evenings 

388- 7258 _ 

su ioik 


(KtM. imrt 

For all your touring needs, why not 
see the experts at Blueberry Hill!. 
10% off on all purchases made by 
Middlebury College students. 
Blueberry Hill, home of the Bona ski. 

11 am - 11 pm 

page 13 

Grievance Committee 
fields more gripes 

wrmc waves 

Perhaps the most significant complaint 
to date concerns the discontinuation of the 
bus to the Snow Bowl this year. The 
problem is basically financial. Due to the 
fuel shortage, the rental rate for the bus 
has risen so high that it is simply not 
practical to run it up and back to the Bowl 
every day. The only forseeable alter¬ 
natives are the use of the Mountain Club 
bus or the development of a better ride 

President Armstrong has stated that 
becuase of the energy crisis, it is not now 
feasible to buy a new compressor for the 
ice rink. However, he did state that the 
present compressors will be started 
earlier in the year and run full time, in an 
effort to give everyone more ice time/ 

The fifteen-dollar registration fee for 
refrigerators has been implemented 
because of the considerable amount of 
electricity which they use. The change in 
the times that the SDU’s are open has 

the year. 

A* ev ery on e knows, the new Game 
Room has opened with new equipment. 
The s chool is hesitant to invest in more 
e q u ip ment b e came of vandalism and 
high coats. If a system of student 
supervision of the Game Room can be 
worked out, there is a possibility that 
more equipment can be purchased. 

To all residents of Gifford: an ex¬ 
terminator went through the dorm over 
Christmas vacation and the red ants 

should be gone. If there are any more 
problems, contact the Service Building or 
Mr. Bridges in Proctor. 

On minor complaints: Ashtrays will be 
put in the smoking rooms in the library 
and the library does have a microfilm 
copier. Ask for it at the front desk. 

Subtitled movies will he advertised as 
such to give those students who use 
reading glasses, or need to know for other 
reasons, forewarning. 

A new record player is playing the 
national anthem at hockey games-- 
hopefully there will be an improvement. 

If the lounge in Proctor is in use, the 
television may be brought downstairs to 
the small lounge by the Information Desk. 
There are also televisions in Pearsons, 
the Chateau, the Band Room, and all the 

Another on is not 

thought to be necessary. There are new 
three so campus (near Duns, scrses frem 

student on the way to pick up mail or to 
classes can drop letters in any one of 

There decs not seem to be much of a 
chance that the kitchens in Stewart. 
Gifford, or Hepburn will be put in working 
order in the near future. 

The Grievance Committee meets every 
Thursday at 5:30 in the Seminar Room of 
SOU A. There is also a box for grievances 
in the maitroom. It would be appreciated 
if all greivances were signed, with box 
numbers, so that a direct reply can be 


After several weeks at hard labor, 
WRMC-FM has come up with what its top 
brass terms “provocative, interesting, 
and informative programming.” 

Among the new features for Winter 
Term 1974 are an expanded Evening 
Report, which can be heard from 11-11:15 
p.m. Sunday-Friday. Saturday, the new 
WRMC Weekly Report is featured from 
10-11 p.m. The Weekly Report is an hour 
of news, weather, sports, and com¬ 
mentary, which covers the day’s news 
and highlights news of the past week. 

In addition, the news department will 
continue its Morning Report which runs 
from t-t: IS a.m. daily, its Evening News, 
7-7:X nightly, and its reportit* of ski 
conditions throughout the day. Reports 
from the Snowbowl start at 1:38 every 

In its overall increased coverage, 
WRMC is also rebroadrasting most of the 
Winter Term lectures. For specific details 
and times of the broadcasts, check the 
WRMC showcase window outside of 
Proctor dining room. 

The Sunday line-up has proved 
especially popular, and as one WRMC 
staff-member put it, “could probably be 
called the most interesting material of the 
sort ever aired by WRMC." Programs 
include Situation 74, from 9-9:30; 

Smithsonian, 9:30-10; and Washington 
Window, from 10-10:30. 

WRMC is continuing its coverage of 
Panther Sports Events. In the coming 
week, you will be able to hear Panther 
basketball in the team’s home game vs. 
W.P.I. at 4:00 p.m. on January 26. Pan¬ 
ther Hockey will be broadcast on Jan. 30 
at their home game against Williams, 
also at 4:00 p.m. 

6:00 A M. to 3:00 A.M. 

So here it is, WRMC's Winter schedule. 

You can, of course, still listen to your 
old favorites, like the Flash and the Duck. 
The programming department reports 
that there is a groat deal of new talent 
working its way through the ranks. 

As one ace DJ put it, “WRMC has new . 
amassed the most impressive res er voir of 
talent in the greater MMdtobury area." 
We have (we are proud to repern at least 
four people on our staff whs were sought 
after by majsr stations in Boston sad New 
York, but whs decided in favor of our 
informal atmosphere. Could the,prospect 
of yet another staff psrty have something 
lo do with it? 

As one of these sought-after stars of the 
air put it. "We think the listening public 
will be able to hear the difference." Well 

been found suoeessffc! in channeling P roctor and in the maitroom). Any 
traffic be tw een units. The hours will 
remain as they are for the remainder af 

e.q. news 


VW Repair 

The Sunoco Station 

_ 388 - 9407 ^ 


Midd. 388-4841 _ _ 





SUN., MON., & TUES. 

SHOWS 7 & 9 

SHOWS 7 & 9 _ 


Over the past few years I have been 
compiling a list of environmental red- 
letter dates to be compiled into a calendar 
at some point in the future. A new feature 
of E.Q. News will be a day by day en¬ 
vironmental occurrence from out of the 
past. If you would like to know a specific 
date, please let me know. This week I will 
cover January 24-January 30. 

On January 24, 1935, the first beer in 
cans for retail sale were placed on the 
market in Richmond, Va. by the Krueger 
Brewing Co. at Newark, N.J. This was 
the dawn of the throw-away era. 

January 25, 1945, saw the first com¬ 
munity fluoridate its municipal water to 
reduce tooth decay. The community was 
Grand Rapids, Michigan. This was ac¬ 
complished by adding one part of fluoride 
ions to each million parts of water passing 
through the water treatment plant. 

A full-time employee of the right-wing 
Minutemen organization and 6 other men 
were arrested by the F.B.l. in Seattle just 
as they were grouping to carry out a plot 
to blow up a power plant on January 26, 
1967 Just think of the havoc such sabotage 
might cause when applied to nuclear 
power plants. 

President Nixon did not manipulate 
only the IRS to help his campaign. On 
January 26.1972, Howard Cohen was fired 
as legislative director of the En¬ 
vironmental Protection Agency after the 
N.Y. Times published memos purporting 
to show how EPA legislative strategy 
could help President Nixon’s reelection. 

On January 27. 1931, the Ottawa 
National Forest with headquarters in 
Ironwood, Mich, was established. 

January 28, 1969 was not a very happy 
day for Santa Barbara, California It 
was on this day that the infamous crack- 
up of the Santa Barbara offshore oil-rig 

widespread destruction of marine life. 

Speaking of Santa Barbara, the energy 

crisis may claim another victim-the 

Santa Barbara offshore oil drilling ban. 
An environmental impact statement on 
the proposed resumption of drilling is 
being planned by the Nixon ad¬ 

Nantahala National Forest with 
headquarters in Asheville, N.C. was 
established on January 29, 1920. 

Justice prevailed (or did it?) on 
January 30, 1970, when 2 of 13 companies 
accused of polluting the tributary waters 
of N.Y Harbor pleaded guilty in federal 
court. The companies were fined $750. 

On the same day the Department of 
Agriculture announced theresults of one of 
their insect control programs. It reported 
that last fall, boll weevils were found in 
higher numbers iri 6 southern states than 
had been present a year before, despite 
their insecticide program Let’s hear it 
for insecticides! 

With state elections just around the 
corner, Environmental Quality will 
embark upon a research project that 
could have some effect on the results. 
Following the lead of the League of 
Conservation Voters in Washington, D.C.. 
E.Q. will compile a list of the en 
vironmental voting records of state 
representatives and senators. Following 
the completion of this list we will let 
voters throughout the state know the 
results We will include such votes as the 
land use hill, the bottle bill, abortion, 
highways, billboards, snowmobiles, and 
so on. If you are interested in working on 
this come to the next meeting of EQ 
Notice of the meeting will be posted 
throughout Proctor. 

On January 25, EQ will present 
Professor William Heronemus. Professor 
Heronemus teaches engineering at the 
University of Massachusetts at AmMt|r0£| 

red letter 

He built and operated a large electric 
power generating windmill on top of 
Grandpa’s Knob outside Rutland for 
several years. He will talk about wind 
power as an alternative energy source at 
7:30 in Proctor Lounge. 

On January 28, Tony Mazzocchi from 
Washington, D.C. will speak on “Unions 
vs. the Environment: Attempts at 
Coalition”. He is the director of the 
citizenship-legislative department of the 
Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers In¬ 
ternational Union. He was active in the 
Shell boycott of 1973. This boycott was 
coordinated nationally against Shell Oil 
Co. by a coalition of the OCAW and en¬ 
vironmentalists in an effort to force Shell 
to accept the occupational health and 
safety demands of the workers, He will 
speak at 7:30 in Proctor Lounge. 

On February 14. Jim Hightower from 
the Center lor Community Change in 
Washington, D C., will speak at 7:30 in 
Proctor Lounge. He is the author of “Hard 
Tomatoes, Hard Times”, a hook that 
deals with agribusiness (big business 
agricultureiandisinvolved in the Center’s 
Agribusiness Accountability Project He 
will discuss corporate takeover of farms 
and the manner in which food is being 
mass produced so that tomatoes can be 
picked by machines and other 
agricultural products can be more easily 

On January 29, EQ will hold a seminar 
to discuss the future of EQ, the en¬ 
vironmental movement, and whatever 
other future someone cares to bring up 
We want to discuss the direction in which 
EQ should be going, compliments or 
criticisms of the way things are being 
handled, future projects, and anything 
else that deals with EQ and the en 
vironnient. If you have a comment, 
suggestion, or a gripe, please come. It will 
be held in the EQ Room in MiJliken at 

-3*. JT2 


the middlebury campus 

the middlebury campus 

Basketball: a little better depth 

Dartmouth drops 
"B” Panthers 


Suffering two close fought loses, Nor- 
thwood 4-3 and Kimball Union 4-3, the “B” 
hockey team nonetheless was showing a 
marked improvement that promised a 
tight battle with the Dartmouth squad 
which was fresh from a victory over 

The first two periods saw the expected, 
high tension contest, but the third period 
slump which hampered the varsity in the 
U Mass and St. Lawrence face-offs 
seemed contagious as the Dartmouth 
team went on to stymie the Panthers with 
three goals in the final frame for a 6-2 


The basketball team, showing signs of a 
little better depth, now has a 2-7 record 
after splitting with Plattsburgh and 
Colby. Although the Panthers have a long 
way to go defensively, their rebounding is 
improving and the offense has become 
better balanced. 

Behind good shooting from the field and 
a fine all-around performance from Dana 
Eglinton, Middlebury was able to edge 
Plattsburgh St., 66-64. Dave Nelson’s 
jumper won it with two seconds left, and it 
typified the whole game for Middlebury. 
They were badly outrebounded and 
outshot throughout the contest, so they 
had to rely on superior shooting. 

The field goal percentage of 48% and 
free throw percentage of 75% were the 
keys to the first Panther victory in six 
weeks. Kevin Cummings (16) and Dave 
Nelson (15) led the attack, but it was 
Eglinton who made the difference. The 
6‘3” sophohnore not only topped Midd 
rebounders with seven, but shot 4-6 from 
the field and 5-5 from'the line for a per¬ 
sonal high of 13 points. 

Midd fell victim to their old nemesis, 
height, in dropping an 82-73 decision to 
Colby. Living up to Colby’s nickname, 
“Mules”, 6‘5” center Brad Moore slowly 
but persistently picked up 30 points on 
short jumpers and numerous follow shots. 


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The Panthers lost the game in the first 
half, down by as much as 17 before going 
into the lockerroom down 38-24. Although 
both teams were very cold for the first 
seven or eight minutes, the visitors 
warmed up and went on to shoot over 50% 
for the game. Midd didn’t penetrate much 
and only one shot throughout much of the 
first half. The Panthers were bothered by 
Colby’s full-court press and had to suffer 
through 0 for 9 shooting by leading scorer 
Kevin Cummings in the first 20 minutes. 

Middlebury made a valiant comeback 
in the second half, but Colby’s starters 
had been rested and were able to stave off 
the rally. In a four-minute stretch 
culminating in a three-point play by Dave 
Pentkowski with 4:10 left to play, Midd 
cut a 65-51 deficit down to 67-63. But Colby 
countered with two quick hoops, and 
despite fine shooting down the stretch by 
Nelson and Pentkowski, Midd never came 
closer than six. The game was an 
emotional one from the outset, as in¬ 
dicated by the six technical fouls which 
were assessed when tempers flared. 

The Panthers traveled to Trinity last 
night, will host W.P.l. this Saturday af¬ 
ternoon, and will face Norwich away next 
Wednesday. These games are all crucial 
because Middlebury faces two very good 
teams in Williams and Tufts over 

At the end of two periods, Middlebury 
was down by a score of only 3-2. Ollie 
Maggard netted the first Panther goal 
with a needle-threading shot from the 
point. The assist went to Chris Lincoln. In 
the second frame Barry Crump recorded 
the only other hometeam tally with an 
assist by Buzzy Woodworth. 

Midd came out looking determined in 
the third period but could not find a 
weakness in Dartmouth’s defense. Then 
they ran out of gas as the action on the ice 
switched ends. Unleashing a barrage of 
Middlebury aimed shots, the Dartmouth 
freshman cashed in three times to erase 
any hopes for the Panthers. 

Such a frustrating loss after containing 
a highly touted team for two periods is 
difficult to swallow. The “B” team’s main 
problem seems to be an inability to take 

advantage of numerous scoring op¬ 
portunities. They skate and pass well but 
can’t finish off the plays. Bruce Willard is 
the team’s leading scorer, and combined 
with the excellent offensive play of 
Dennis, Sullivan, Len Ceglarski, and 
Duncan MacFarlane may be the key to 
the badly needed scoring punch. 

Defense thus far has been the squad’s 
strong point with Lincoln, Wood- 
sworth,Ken Hoerner, and Pete Osborne 
providing the security for goalies Jim 
Brimsek and Greg Adams. Bob Connerty 
and John Maggard have been effective 
penalty killers. 

The next home game is Wednesday, 
Jan. 23 against Norwich. The “B”squad 
has already dumped the Cadets 5-2 earlier 
this season. 

UVM best effort yet 

AREA CALL: ( 2 15 ) 449.2OO6 


Pound for pound, the shrew is one of the 
most visciously voracious creatures 
alive. But at a whopping half ounce, the 
wee beastie isn’t always taken too 
seriously. Just so, UVM, the nation’s 
number six hockey power, took the Midd 
pucksters a bit too lightly and too 
haughtily and almost found themselves 
beshrewed. Able to turn an ear shat- 
teringly effective home ice advantage 
into only an equal number of shots on 
goal, the Catamounts inched to a 4-2 
victory over an impressive Middlebury 

Playing consistently for all three 
periods, Midd’s defense was especially 
noteworthy as the Panthers held UVM 
considerably below its 5.72 goals per 
game average. As always, Perlman, 
Jones, and O’Sullivan were steady, and 
the back ice team of Rick Simourd and 
John Burditt looked better than they have 
previously this year. 

Offensively, two factors hindered 
Midd’s scoring punch. The first was as 

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simple as size. The Catamounts are a big 
team, and despite some excellent 
forechecking by the Panthers, that made 
it difficult to keep the puck in the scoring 
zone. Secondly, Middlebury sadly lacks 
an effective power play. In at least four 
extra man situations, Midd failed to even 
pose a serious threat. 

Mark Ceglarski and Jack Leary were 
responsible for the two panther scores, 
but the offense was one of overall constant 
balance. The UVM outing was definitely 
the Panther’s best effort to this point and 
revealed a maturing team. 

Taking a break after the intense rivalry 
of UVM, the Panthers came home to face 
the Middlebury Alumni. Narrowly 
winning it 7-5, the fans saw some old 
favorites like Bill Burke ’73, Kyle 
Prescott ’49, Roily Schopp ’56, Don Curtis 
’73, Phil Latreille ’61, Ruggie Everitt ’72, 
Tim Carey ’65, and Freeman Allen ’66 
return to the ice in a rolicking clash of 
Panthers from different sides of the 

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JANUARY 25-31 

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the middlebury campus 

page 16 _ 


continued from p. 1 

state, it is essentially rurally oriented and 
depends on roads to move its goods and 
people. According to Gray these roads 
form an “economic lifeline” for the 
businesses and people of the state. 

The remainder of his talk focused on 
what type of highways Vermont should 
have. According to the 1956 Interstate 
Highway Act, modelled on Germany’s 
Autobahn, the United States was to have a 
“pay as you go” system of nationally 
linked highways which would be financed 
by an Interstate Highway Fund. 

Of the 40,000 miles initially planned for 
the country, 320 would be in Vermont. 250 
miles of Vermont’s interstate have 
already been constructed, thirty miles 
are currently under construction, and the 
remainder is under design. Theoretically, 
eighty per cent of Vermont’s traffic would 
travel on this system, thus increasing 
transportation safety and efficiency. 

Gray concluded by stating that Ver¬ 
mont’s present highway priorities are to 
finish the interstate system, and then to 
complete the much needed improvements 
on Route 7. Thereafter, policy will be to 
improve existing roads and hopefully, to 
avoid building new ones. 

Helen Leavitt, author of Superhighway, 
Superhoax, who flew in from Washington, 
D.C., spoke next. She presented the idea 
that every new road and every parking 
space simply induces more car use. 

Figures she quoted showed that within 
the last seventeen years, the number of 
cars in the United States has almost 
doubled. While she granted that roads 
may indeed be Vermont’s “lifeline,” she 
questioned whether cars and roads were 
the only way to bring people to Vermont. 

Leavitt feels that if Vermont wants to 
maintain its present beauty and open 
spaces, it cannot cater to the hordes of 
out-of-staters who travel its roads. 
Rather, it must discover “viable alter¬ 
native" means of mass transportation to 

bring these needed recreationists and 
tourists to the state. 

Vermont Senator and Chairman of the 
Vermont Association for Railroad 
Passengers (VARP), Herbert Odgen, 
questioned the concept of one man-one 
car. Originally, this concept may have 
worked, but within recent years its 
inherent problems have come to light. 

The oil depletion allowance, which for 
years has subsidized gasoline, has 
enabled prices to stay low. This inex¬ 
pensive gas has been used freely and 
often extravagantly, resulting in our 
current fuel shortage. In addition, the cost 
of owning and operating a car has been' 
constantly rising as a result of, for 
example, the new mandatory anti¬ 
pollution devices. 

Lastly, the cost of interstate highway 
construction now stands at one million 
dollars per mile, of which the state must 
fund fifteen per cent. 

Mr. Odgen spoke of the social and 
financial consequences of the Interstate 
system in Vermont. The social fibre of 
areas has been transformed as week¬ 
enders from out of state construct 
recreational districts, particularly 
around ski areas. Land values, ap¬ 
praisals, and taxes have sky-rocketed, 
forcing many owners, notably the Ver¬ 
mont farmer, to sell. 

Seemingly isolationist in his outlook, 
Odgen felt that while these adverse ef¬ 
fects could be neither reversed nor 
eliminated, careful planning of mass 
transportation systems could minimize 
future damage. 

He presented AMTRAK as an example 
of an effective public transport system. In 
its third year of operation, AMTRAK’s 
federal subsidy has fallen from $156 
million per year to $95 million per year, 
and this Odgen adds, is “peanuts” 
compared to subsidies for other types of 
transportation. Its success within Ver¬ 
mont is exemplified by the fact that the 
Montrealer is now AMTRAK’s second 
“most heavily patronized standard 

Odgen would like to see a careful re¬ 

evaluation of superhighway construction, 
a complete up-grading of Route 7, a 
restoration of Vermont’s rail beds in 
conjunction with surrounding states, and 
the establishment of coordinated bus and 
rail service throughout the state. 

Roger Spack, manager of Train Service 
Planning for Canadian National Railways 
in Montreal, spoke last. He raised the all- 
important question of whether mass 
transportation is a marketable item at 
any price. The complexities of organizing 
a mass transportation system, including 
variables such as prices, origin- 
destination figures, connections, number 
of stops, frequency of runs, and operating 
costs lead to unwiedly bureaucracy and 
enormous expense. 

However, he added that within certain 
areas, such carefully planned systems 
could be made viable and that these 
systems should be encouraged wherever 

During the rebuttal session, each 
speaker did little other than to reiterate 
his previously stated views. Gray com¬ 
mented that he was still waiting to hear 
all these supposed “viable alternatives” 
to highway construction, and it must be 
granted that on specifics the other 
speakers were noticeably silent. 

Several questions were of particular 
interest to the college community. One 
was whether bike lanes could be con¬ 
structed along highways, and Gray an¬ 
swered that where possible, such lanes 
were being considered. However, it is 
illegal to appropriate land specifically for 
the construction of bicycle lanes, which 
would severely restrict any construction. 

The question of the proposed Middle¬ 
bury by-pass was also raised, and Mr. 
Gray stated vehemently that no plans had 
been finalized. An information center has 
been established downtown at the High¬ 
way Garagelsouth of Brush Motors) to 
receive opinions about highway con¬ 
struction in the Middlebury area, and 
people are urged to visit, look at the 
designs, and voice their opinions. 

Many of the final questions and answers 
seemed to reflect the general tenor of the 
symposium. There was much criticism of 
transportation methods in this area, 
many questions, and disappointingly few 
answers. Everyone seemed to agree that 
the problem was essentially one of 
fragmented systems and ill-planning. 
However, the problem seems doomed to 
worsen as we wait for “viable alter¬ 

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